List of Christians in the Holy Land

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Cyrillus, St. Carmelite, March 6. He was the third Prior General of the Carmelite Order. He was born at Constantinople in 1190, he died on Mount Carmel in Palestine in 1224. He is venerated by the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem. His 'Vita' in Latin has been written by Joh. Palaeonydoro. (Anal. Boll., IX, 275)

Cyrillus of Scythopolis. He lived as a monk in the monastery of Khan-el-Ahmar, he died in 570. He wrote the life of St. Euthymius, who had built the monastery in 428.

Cyrus. This monk was buried in a catacomb near the Well of David in Bethlehem. At this well was a Byzantine convent with a church between the 4th and the 6th century.

Cyrus and Johannes, (Anarguroi, men who worked without payment). Sophronius, the patriarch of Jerusalem (634-638), erected a chapel in Jerusalem in honour of these martyrs. Sophronius composed an 'Enkomion' with 70 tales of miracles. (P.G. 87, 3379, 2676) The feast is on Jan 31. - Epiphanius Hagiopolita mentions another chapel for both martyrs, in the valley of the Jordan, 6 miles north of Jericho. The site received the name EDESSA, in memory of John, who originated from Edessa and who had associated himself with Cyrus. (P.G. 120, 261/262, 269/270)

Cyrus and Johannes. The 'Vita S. Helenae et Constantini' (10th century) mentions: Helena built near the Lithostrotos a church in honour of SS. Cyrus and Johannes. (Baldi, Enchiridion Locorum Sanctorum, 917) - This Cyrus is the ALEXANDRIAN Cyrus. - Is this church of Cyrus and Johannes related to the 6th Station, where the Anarguroi Cosmas and Damianus were venerated? Or related to a church in the Armenian property on Mount Sion?

Cyrus, the monk, and his son John, martyrs. Both martyrs in Alexandria under Diocletian (284-313) are mentioned with Theodote, Theoctiste, Eudoxia and Athanasia. The Palestian-Georgian calendar has the feast on Jan 31. - John is called a disciple of Cyrus. The four women, martyrs, are named together with Cyrus and John. Both are called wonderworkers. On June 28 there was of the six martyrs a memory in the Church of the Resurrection according to the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - Cyrus, under the name of Abukir, is mentioned by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on Yakatit 6.

Czar Alexander III (1884-1898). He built the Church St. Mary Magdalen in Gethsemane in memory of his mother, the Empress Maria Magdalen Alexandrovna, wife of the Czar Alexander II.

Czechoslovak Army Memorial in Jericho. The monument stands on the boundary of Jericho, on the way from Jerusalem to Jericho, at the entrance of the refugee-camp. The monument is a whitewashed stone pyramid. Near its top is ciselled a coat of arms of Czechoslovakia. The monument recalls the training camp of Czechoslovak soldiers in World War II (1939-1945).

Czech Brothers of Consolation of Gethsemane. Their convent is, left on the way that crosses the Kidron-valley and ascends to the top of the Mount of Olives. The property is since 1953 occupied by the Apostolic Delegation.

Czestochowa. Polish soldiers of the IIIrd Army, who were garrisoned at the Casa Nova in Tiberias, built in 1945 a monument that was dedicated to Our Lady of Czestochowa. The monument is in front of the Franciscan Church of St. Peter. On either side of the Virgin are St. Michael, St. Christopher, a medieval Knight and a Polish Soldier of the IIIrd Army.

Daimbertus, first patriarch (1099-1107) of the Latin Patriarchate during the Crusades.

Dakima: name of the bridegroom at the wedding at Cana of Galilee. He was the son of Yuhan and the cousin of Nathanael. (Arabic Apocryphal Gospel of John). (See: Simon the Canaenite).

Dalidus: see Davinus.

Damascus: The Druses killed eight Franciscans at Damascus in 1860. The martyrs received the title of 'Blessed'on October 10, 1926. -Three brothers of the Maronite rite (Massabki) were also martyred.

Damian, the unmercenary physician: Damian was the son of Theodote and of a pagan father and the brother of Cosmas. Damian and Cosmas studied medicine and practised their profession without accepting money. Damian suffered martyrdom in Cyrrhus in Syria in the second part of the 3rd century. The Greek liturgy has his feast on July 1.

Damian of Valenza, Spain, martyr, Franciscan. He joined the Mission of the Holy Land. A ship brought him from Naples to Egypt. There he preached, and he was beheaded in 1535. The Franciscan Martyrology has his memory on August 2.

Dancing daughter of Herodias: Her name is not mentioned in the Gospel. Historical sources identify her as Salome. - The Syriac 'Book of the Bee' reports two traditions: one says that the daughter of Herodias was called Bôziyâ the other tradition tells that the daughter was called by her mother's name, Herodias.

Daniel: On Nov 10 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. He is not identified.

Daniel, martyr from Alexandria. (Feb 16) He was martyred in 309 at Caesarea, Palestine, under Emperor Galerius (305-311). He was beheaded together with Elias, Jeremias, Isaias, Samuel.

Daniel, hegumenos. He gives an account of the ceremony of the Holy Fire in 1107. It is clear from his narrative that the Greeks -also during this period of the Crusades - had charge of the Sepulchre itself. Daniel mentions that the Tomb was covered by a marble slab, but the fidels could see and kiss (by the hand) the sacred rock through. three circular apertures on the side. - Daniel mentions the little tower above the Edicule. The tower is surmounted by a cupola, which is covered by scales in gilded silver, and above the cupola was the silvern image of the Risen Christ, which was the work of the Franks. (The scaled cupola is represented on an Armenian tile, which is in the Chapel of Echmiadzin in the Armenian Church of St. James in Jerusalem. Exact copies of this tile can be purchased as souvenir in the Armenian Pottery, which is opposite the 6th Station in the Via Dolorosa)

Daniel, Mar Daniel, the Syrian of the city of Amed. Abba Dionysius, bishop of the city of Amed, taught him the books of the Church, and arrayed him in the garb of the monastic life. Salutation to Daniel who vowed that he would never look upon a woman. (Ethiopian Synaxarium, Ter 16)

Daniel, the Prophet: May 1; also Aug 25, Sept 4, Oct 15, July 22. In the Latin Martyrologies Daniel is on July 21. The Palestinian calendar has Daniel on Sept 4. The Melkite liturgy on Dec 17, together with the three companions: Ananias, Azarias and Misael. - The Ethiopian church has Daniel on March 19. - Khirbet Nebi Daniel lies 6 kms west of Salomon's Pools. It shows ruins of a mosque. East of Khirbet Nebi Daniel is Khirbet al Jamiah (ruin of the meeting) with a place nearby, that is called Keniseh (= meeting, church) (964 metres above the sea). Sixty metres lower is a hill, Alyah (the high). In this region David fled from the wrath of King Saul.

Daniel Stylita, St.: Round 450 he visited Palestine. (Vita S. Simeonis Stylitae, c. XI, n. 40-41) (AA.SS. Jan 5)

Danil: see Alphonsine, Sister.

Da Senorbi Antonio, Franciscan, died 1897. He built and repaired organs in the churches of the Holy Land.

Daude d'Aizon, vicar-general of the Diocèse of Nîmes, France. He founded in 1845 the Assumptionists or Augustinians of the Assumption (AA). In 1887 they came to Jerusalem. There they built the hostel Notre Dame, and the church St. Peter's in Gallicantu. -A live-size painting of the founder is in the Latin presbytery of Abud in Palestine.

David, saint, King of Jerusalem. His feast is on Dec 29 in Mart. Rom. David was the son of Jesse of Bethlehem, and the successor of Saul the king. The Gospels express the Jewish conviction that the Messiah must be the son of David. This honorific title was given by the people to Jesus during the reception with palms before His death. Neither the High-priest, nor Pilate accused Jesus of the title 'Son of David'. Jesus was a descendant of David by the legal marriage of his mother Mary with Joseph. The Bethlehem origin obliged Joseph to come from Nazareth to Bethlehem for an enrolment. The Palestinian-Georgian calendar has David on Dec 26. The Armenian lectionary from 4641468 mentions on Dec 25: the feast of David and of Jacobus, with a synaxis on Mount Sion.

David's Cisterns (Arabic Biar Daoud): On the left of the highway that leads out of the centre of Bethlehem to Jerusalem, near St. Joseph's Church of the Syrian Catholics, there are three large cisterns in a park. The bible speaks of them (2 Sam. 23, 15-17): three warriors broke through the Philistine lines and drew water from the cistern that is by the gate of Bethlehem. But when they brought the water to David, he poured it out to the Lord, saying: 'The Lord forbid that 1 drink it. Can 1 drink the blood of these men who went at the risk of their lives?'

Tomb of David on Mount Sion: The Kalendarium Eccl. Hierosolymitanae (7th/8th century) relates on Mount Sion a memory of David and of James, the brother of the Lord, on Dec 26; and on Dec 27 in the diaconicon (= sacristy) the memorial of Stephen. The Vita S. Helenae et Constantini (10/11th century) mentions a tomb of David in the diaconicon. Raymond of Aguilers who took part in the occupation of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099 mentions the tomb of David on Mount Sion, and the tomb of Salomon, and the tomb of Stephen the first martyr. The Jewish traveller, Benjamin of Tudela, visits Jerusalem in 1167. He tells that 15 years before his arrival the tomb of David and the tomb of Salomon has been discovered on Mount Sion. At the time of the conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin (1187) the convent and the church on Mount Sion were surrounded in 1192 by a wall. In 1219 this wall was partly destroyed on order of the sultan of Damascus. The Moslems in 1452 demolished a newly repaired chapel above the tomb of David; the Franciscans restored a chapel above the tomb, but in 1460 the Moslems destroyed this Chapel of the Holy Ghost above the venerated tomb. The Franciscans rebuilt again, but the Moslems again destroyed in 1468.

Tomb of David and its two niches: According to a procès verbal of 1490 (hegira 895) there are in the Tomb of David two niches. One is in the direction (qiblah) to the South, towards Mecca. This niche (mihrab) originated from the time of Sultan Malik as Zahir Gaqmaq (842-857 hegira = 1438-1453, probably from hegira 856 (1452 CE). The second niche is in the subterranean chamber, and is directed to the Dome of the Rock of Jerusalem.

Tower of David: Beside the Jaffa Gate at Jerusalem, is the structure, called the Citadel (El Qalaah). It is also named Tower of David. Here King Herod the Great resided when the Magi came to enquire about the newborn king of the Jews. The Magi went to Bethlehem, they did not return to Herod but departed by another way (Mt 2, 113). Herod then killed the boys under two years in Bethlehem and in all the region. -Sépéos, Armenian bishop, tells that the Persians in 614 occupied the 'tower of David'. A monk of St. Sabas was taken prisoner by the Persians. The monk mentioned an oratory (mihrab) of king David in the fortress. (Clermont-Ganneau, Rec. d'arch. or. 11, 160) - In St. George, outside the Tower of David, dedication: Nov 23 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - Was this sanctuary perhaps a church outside the Jaffa Gate? or a gerocomion(= house for aged people), founded by the Empress Eudocia, outside Jerusalem, where there was a sanctuary of St. George?

Unction of David (and Salomon): Pilgrims of the 5th and 6th centuries mention as relics the horn of oil for the unction of David and of Salomon.

David, St., archiepiscopus Menevensis, Teliaei et Paterni. In 518 in Palestine. (Vita S. Davidis, c. IV, n. 13-15; Vita S. Teliaei, c. II, n. 6-9; Vita S. Paterni, auct. Joh. Timmonthensi) (AA.SS. March 1; Feb 9; April 15)

David Garedjiensis, St., round 494. 513 in Palestine. Martyrologium graeco-slav., sub die 31 Mart. - In AA.SS. he is mentioned in October.

David, an Armenian bishop. He has his burial-site (1321) at the right-hand pillar in the Saint James Cathedral of the Armenians in Jerusalem.

David, a king of Ethiopia. He is commemorated by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on Tekemt 9.

David Novaretto of Vigone in Italy, Franciscan. He was born in 1826; he came to the Holy Land in 1857. He died at Nazareth, in 1894 on March 5.

Davinus (Dalidus) Peregrinus, the Armenian. He was a pilgrim (feast June 3), born in Armenia. He made a pilgrimage (to Jerusalem) and carried a cross on his shoulder. He died in 1050 in the convent S. Michele in Foro St. Lucca. (Vita S. Davini, c. I, n. 3) (AA.SS. June 3)

Davis Garry, self-styled citizen of the World. Davis, who gave up his U.S. citizenship in 1948, described himself as world coordinator of the World Service Authority, a group with headquarters in Basel. Davis had refused to claim citizenship of any country. On June 13, 1976 he was denied entry by Israel. He was permitted to enter Israel as a stateless person on Tuesday, Jan 11, 1977. (55 years)

Deborah, prophetess. She lived in the hill country of Ephraim between Ramah and Bethel. She summoned Barak and in the name of Jahweh ordered him to assemble 10, 000 men from Zebulon and Nephtali near Mount Tabor. This army destroyed the troops of king Sisera. Deborah is mentioned among the 'Just of the Old Testament' on the first Sunday of Advent in the Eastern Church.

De Cock Jan. (round 1520) The sculpture 'The Flight into Egypt' (a replica of De Cock) is along the entrance-staircase in the Grotto of Milk in Bethlehem. De Cock Jan was a sculptor from the Netherlands. - The Franciscans were at of the Grotto of Nativity in 1347, and a little later at the Grotto of Milk. The present building around the Grotto of Milk is from 1872.

De Contenson Pierre, Dominican Father. This nobleman was the son of a French general. He spent four years in a German prisoner of war camp before taking his ordination as a priest. In 1973 he joined the Vatican Secretariat for promoting Christian Unity. In 1975 he was appointed the head of the Secretariat of the Vatican Commission for religious relations with the Jews. He died in Rome in July, 1976. An eulogy and a funeral service in his memory were held in Jerusalem on Thursday, July 15, 1976.

Delmadius (or Yelmadiyos) of Gaza, martyr. The Ethiopian Synaxarium salutes him on Yakatit 25.

de Mello, Portuguese lady. She bought from the St. Joseph's Sisters the house of Miss Mellon, that was in front to the north of the Franciscan property 'Dominus Flevit' on the Mount of Olives.

Demetrius, St. Feb 13 according to the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. - The Convent of St. Demetrius is at the west end of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in the Old City of Jerusalem, in Demetrius Street.

Deodat de Rodez (France), St. Franciscan, martyr in Jerusalem in 1391. He was canonized by Pope Paul VI on June 21, 1970. Feast on Dec 5.

De Rochechouart Louis (1461). He mentions at El Qubeibeh (Emmaus) the ruins of a church.

De Saint Criq Mlle. This lady of France bought in 1880 the ruins of a church at Amwas (the Biblical Emmaus?). The ruins are near the Convent of the Betharram Fathers. Mile de Saint Criq ordered Capitaine Guillemot to explore the ruins.

de Saulcy F. French archaeologist. He cleared in 1863 and in 1865 the Tombs of the Kings. The site is north of the walls of Jerusalem. The area belongs to the French Government.

Desitheus. He was a monk at the monastery of Gaza in the 6th century, under hegumenos Seridus.

De Thevenot. He visited Palestine in 1658 and he wrote: 'Relation d'un voyage fait au Levant'.

Deuterarius: see Comitas.

de Vaux Roland, Dominican Father. He was born at Paris, Dec 17, 1903. After his ordination as a priest, he joined the Dominican Order in 1930. In 1933 he came to the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique Française de Jérusalem. There he acted as a professor, till his death on Sept 10, 1971.
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