1ac plan Text The United States Federal Government should reduce Federal Energy Regulatory Commission authorization restrictions on natural gas liquefaction facilities




Назва1ac plan Text The United States Federal Government should reduce Federal Energy Regulatory Commission authorization restrictions on natural gas liquefaction facilities
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1AC

Plan Text

The United States Federal Government should reduce Federal Energy Regulatory Commission authorization restrictions on natural gas liquefaction facilities.

Contention 1: Warming

US natural gas market will crash without exports


Hulbert, Lead Analyst at European Energy Review, and Goldthau, Head of the Department of Public Policy at the Central European University, an American graduate school based in Budapest, Hungary, 8-5-12

(Matthew, consultant to a number of governments, most recently as Senior Research Fellow, Netherlands Institute for International Relations, and Andreas, prior to joining CEU, he worked for Rand, SWP Germany and the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, a Fellow with the Global Public Policy Institute’s Global Energy Governance program and an Adjunct Professor with Johns Hopkins University’s MSc in Energy Policy and Climate, “Why America Can Make or Break A New Global Gas World,” http://www.forbes.com/sites/matthewhulbert/2012/08/05/why-america-can-make-or-break-a-new-global-gas-world/print/, accessed 8-7-12, CMM)


The same debate is raging in the US. Despite the phenomenal breakthroughs in American

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fundamentals. US LNG could be the straw that breaks oil indexation back.

Collapse of US natural gas makes warming inevitable


Bryce, senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute, 7-17-12

(Robert, “Inside the strange world of 'green energy' politics and how it's ruining the US,” http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2012/07/17/inside-strange-world-green-energy-politics-and-how-it-ruining-us/, accessed 7-17-12, CMM)


The United States is leading the world in reducing its emissions of carbon dioxide.

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fuels is equally beneficial in percentage terms no matter how fast the transition.”

Renewables can’t fill in – that makes warming from emissions inevitable


Riley, professor of energy law at The City Law School at City University London, 8-13-12

(Alan, “Shale Gas to the Climate Rescue,” http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/14/opinion/shale-gas-to-the-climate-rescue.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print, accessed 8-14-12, CMM)


The battle against runaway climate change is being lost. The green movement and the

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in carbon emissions that we can achieve by replacing coal with shale gas.

Warming is real and anthropogenic – positive feedbacks outweigh cooling effects


Eurasia Review, 1-8-12

[“Global Warming Caused By Greenhouse Gases Delays Natural Patterns Of Glaciation” http://www.eurasiareview.com/08012012-global-warming-caused-by-greenhouse-gases-delays-natural-patterns-of-glaciation/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+eurasiareview%2FVsnE+%28Eurasia+Review%29, accessed 1-13-12, TAP]

Unprecedented levels of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere are disrupting normal patterns of glaciation

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for several million years,” Channell said. “All bets are off.”

Reducing emissions is key to solve extinction


Keating, Foreign Policy Web Editor, 11/13/2009

[Joshua, "The End of the World," http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/11/13/the_end_of_the_world?page=full, 11/15]


How it could happen: Under the worst-case scenario predicted by the International

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it? A recent MIT study found that current carbon trends bear ¶ AND

-ending outcomes could be mitigated by a substantial reduction in carbon emissions.

Exports are key to solve warming – allows for renewables to compete


Mufson, Washington Post, 12

(Steven, 2-1-12, “Cheap natural gas jumbles energy markets, stirs fears it could inhibit renewables,” http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/cheap-natural-gas-jumbles-energy-markets-stirs-fears-it-could-inhibit-renewables/2012/01/08/gIQApLr5hQ_story.html, accessed 8-22-12, CMM)


For the past three years, promoters of shale gas and environmentalists opposed to coal

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boom and there’s a sense that natural gas resources will be around forever.”¶

Exports solve the supply glut – that allows for a transition to renewables


Friedman, NYT, 8-4-12

(Thomas, “Get it right on gas,” 8-4-12, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/05/opinion/sunday/friedman-get-it-right-on-gas.html?_r=3&emc=tnt&tntemail1=y, accessed 8-19-12) PM


The enormous stores of natural gas that have been locked away in shale deposits across

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and other renewables “for years to come” so they remain competitive.

Contention 2: South China Sea

Energy demand is causing China to become more aggressive in the South China Sea


Mastro, CNAS Fellow, ‘12

(Oriana Skylar, “The Sansha Garrison: China’s ¶ Deliberate Escalation in the ¶ South China Sea,” September 2012, http://www.cnas.org/files/documents/flashpoints/CNAS_ESCA_bulletin5.pdf, accessed 9-18-12) PM


The Sansha upgrade and garrison show that China’s increasingly ¶ assertive behavior in the South

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Committee, central ¶ authorities may have previously authorized the types of activities.

India wants US natural gas


NGI 8-24-12

(Natural Gas Intelligence, “Japan, India Said to Urge U.S. to Allow LNG Exports,” 8-24-12, http://intelligencepress.com/subscribers/daily/news/d20120824i.html?printable=yes&highlight=export, accessed 9-18-12) PM


Two potential beneficiaries of relatively cheap North American natural gas supplies, Japan and India

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the United States for LNG (see Daily GPI, Feb. 24).

Demand for gas will force India to cooperate with Vietnam on gas exploration


Daiss, Energy Tribune, 9-5-12

(Tim, “The Sino Indian Vietnamese Triangle: Old Grudges, Hydrocarbons, And Geopolitical Gamesmanship Part One ,” 9-5-12, http://www.energytribune.com/articles.cfm/11624/The-Sino-Indian-Vietnamese-Triangle--Old-Grudges-Hydrocarbons---And-Geopolitical-Gamesmanship-Part-One, accessed 9-11-12) PM


Nevertheless, all is not well for the country’s natural gas future. Vietnam’s Natural

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national pride, hydrocarbons and control of much of the South China Sea.

That leads to Indo-Vietnamese energy cooperation over the Paracel Islands


Daiss, East Asian energy correspondent for Energy Tribune, 9-12-12

(Tim, “The Sino Indian Vietnamese Triangle: Old Grudges, Hydrocarbons, And Geopolitical Gamesmanship Part Two ,” 9-12-12, http://www.energytribune.com/articles.cfm/11658/The-Sino-Indian-Vietnamese-Triangle--Old-Grudges-Hydrocarbons--And-Geopolitical-Gamesmanship-Part-Two, accessed 9-17-12) PM


Along with Vietnam, India also has strained relations with China albeit even more complicated

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development and a substantial oil and gas discovery is made,” he said.

That causes multiple scenarios for conflict that escalates – the Paracels are key


Cronin, CNAS Asian security director, 9-4-12

(Patrick, “Averting Conflict in the South China Sea,” 9-4-12, http://www.cnas.org/node/8931, accessed 9-18-12) PM


China’s growing tensions with the Philippines, as well as with Vietnam, have been

AND

requirements. Regional polarization and a naval arms race could well be catalyzed.

South China Sea conflict risks major escalation


Medcalf, Lowy Institute (Sydney) International Security Programme Director, and Heinrichs, Australian National University Strategic and Defence Studies Centre Scholar, 11

(Rory and Raoul, 6-27-11, “Asia’s Maritime Confidence Crisis,” http://the-diplomat.com/2011/06/27/asia%E2%80%99s-maritime-confidence-crisis/?all=true, accessed 10-9-11, CMM)


To the casual observer, recent security tensions in Asian waters might seem a storm

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relations among major powers, with dangerous implications for regional peace and stability.

Conflict is likely – territorial disputes and economic interests prove


Kaplan senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, 11

(Robert D., national correspondent for the Atlantic, and a member of the U.S. Defense Department's Defense Policy Board, Sept/Oct, Foreign Policy, “The South China Sea Is the Future of Conflict,” http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/08/15/the_south_china_sea_is_the_future_of_conflict, accessed 9-5-11, CMM)


Southeast Asia, by contrast, is already deep into the post-Cold War

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Taiwan one, Vietnam 25, the Philippines eight, and Malaysia five.

The risk of Chinese miscalc is growing with leadership change next year.


Auslin, resident scholar in Asian studies at the American Enterprise Institute, 10-25-11

(Michael, “Asian Anxiety,” http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/26/opinion/26iht-edauslin26.html, accessed 10-27-11, CMM)


For all the increased joint training between the U.S. Navy and Southeast

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. Panetta. The answer, unfortunately, may well rest with Beijing.

Asian instability escalates


Landay, National Security and Intelligence Correspondent, 2K

(Jonathan S., “Top administration officials warn stakes for U.S. are high in Asian conflicts”, 3-10, Knight Ridder/Tribune News) Accessed on LexisNexis 12-29-09


Few if any experts think China and Taiwan, North Korea and South Korea,

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that totaled $600 billion last year, according to the Commerce Department.

That collapses the economy


Cronin, CNAS Asian security director, 9-4-12

(Patrick, “Averting Conflict in the South China Sea,” 9-4-12, http://www.cnas.org/node/8931, accessed 9-18-12) PM


South China Sea conflict can and should be averted. It can be avoided because

AND

, the South China Sea is a vital part of the global commons.

Economic collapse leads to global war.


Lind, New America Foundation Economic Growth Program Policy Director, 5/11/2010

[Michael, "Will the great recession lead to World War IV?," http://www.salon.com/news/economics/index.html?story=/opinion/feature/2010/05/11/great_recession_world_war_iv]


If history is any guide, an era of global economic stagnation will help the

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Eurasia, Eastasia and Oceania in 1984 is all too easy to imagine.

US influence is key to prevent energy conflict


Rogers, CNAS Energy fellow, 9-5-12

(Will, “Navigating U.S. Policy in the South China Sea,” 9-5-12, accessed online 9-18-12) PM


"Access to the South China Sea's potential petroleum resources is increasingly viewed as zero

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all countries in the region to benefit from the sea's natural resource wealth."

Solvency

Removing restrictions solves the glut and leads to increased production


Rascoe, Reuters, 6-27-12

(Ayesha, “US should be open to crude oil exports-EIA head,” http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/27/usa-oil-exports-idUSL2E8HRDY320120627, accessed 6-27-12, CMM)


Sieminski's comments come as the Energy Department weighs whether it is in the country's interest

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a handful of countries that have free trade agreements with the United States.

*Sieminski = Adam Sieminski, the former Deutsche Bank economist who was sworn in as EIA administrator earlier this month

Exporting is possible – the infrastructure is already in the works


Ebinger, Senior fellow and Director of the Energy Security Initiative at Brookings, ‘12

(Charles, “Liquid Markets: Assessing the Case for US Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas,” 5-2-12, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/events/2012/5/02%20lng%20exports/20120502_lng_exports, accessed 8-17-12) PM


We will discuss more about the global LNG market in the implications ¶ section.

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¶ to the U.S. going ahead with exports of LNG.

Plan solves – Removing FERC restrictions frees up companies to make better economic proposals that the DOE will approve


Sullivan, SNL Daily Gas Report, 9-5-12

(Sean, “Attorney: LNG exporters should avoid links to gas reserves,” 9-5-12, accessed 10-2-12, Lexis) PM


An attorney said decisions by the U.S. Department of Energy and FERC

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resources unless there are benefits that offset the environmental vulnerabilities of such claims.

No negative impacts and exports solve


Ebinger, Senior fellow and Director of the Energy Security Initiative at Brookings, ‘12

(Charles, “Liquid Markets: Assessing the Case for US Exports of Liquefied Natural Gas,” 5-2-12, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/events/2012/5/02%20lng%20exports/20120502_lng_exports, accessed 8-17-12) PM


The Brookings team distilled the findings of the feasibility and ¶ implications of LNG exports

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, we found that the environmental¶ implications of LNG exports are negligible.

2AC

2AC – God K

Framing Issue – Burden is on the Aff.


Stefanelli, Georgia State American Atheists director, 8-30-11

[Al, author of A Voice of Reason in an Unreasonable World, “Proving The Christian God Does Not Exist” http://www.examiner.com/atheism-in-national/proving-the-christian-god-does-not-exist, accessed 2-18-12, TAP]


The most common argument that Atheists are asked to defend is to provide proof that

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I ask him or her to prove it with real, empirical evidence.

God is evil.


Carrier, Super qualled, 2006

[Richard, B.A. History (minor in Classical Civilization), UC Berkeley (1997) M.A. Ancient History, Columbia University (1998) M.Phil. Ancient History, Columbia University (2000) Ph.D. Ancient History, Columbia University (2008) Affiliations: Member of the American Philological Association Member of the Association of Ancient Historians Member of the Freedom From Religion Foundation Member of the History of Science Society Member of the Historical Society, “The End of Pascal's Wager: Only Nontheists Go to Heaven” http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/richard_carrier/heaven.html, accessed 3-11-12, TAP]


If presented with strong evidence that a god must either be evil or not exist

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crimes, etc.). Only an evil god would probably allow such things.

Big Bang started the universe.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


The Big Bang The beginning of the observable universe — of all the matter and

AND

in which we're so irrelevant would be made for us is beyond me.”

Not everything has a cause – learn quantum mechanics.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


First Cause, or Cosmological Argument The First Cause, or Cosmological Argument, says

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. So I hope you can accept nature as she is — absurd.”

Doesn’t matter how many explanations they have – they have to prove each is true.


Scriven, University of California Berkeley philosophy professor, 1966

[Michael, “The Presumption of Atheism” http://commonsenseatheism.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Scriven-The-Presumption-of-Atheism.pdf, p.6, accessed 2-19-12, TAP]


There used to be a standing joke in the Rationalist Club at Melbourne University about

AND

proofs go. They either do the whole trick or nothing at all.

No bias.


Scriven, University of California Berkeley philosophy professor, 1966

[Michael, “The Presumption of Atheism” http://commonsenseatheism.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Scriven-The-Presumption-of-Atheism.pdf, p.2, accessed 2-19-12, TAP]


How are you going to show what the real facts are? You show this

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word for the new events, you must show that it is applicable.

Defer to science – no agreement between theologians and their claims aren’t testable.


Scriven, University of California Berkeley philosophy professor, 1966

[Michael, “The Presumption of Atheism” http://commonsenseatheism.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Scriven-The-Presumption-of-Atheism.pdf, p.2, accessed 2-19-12, TAP]


Might not some or all scientific beliefs be wrong too? This is conceivable,

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or the adult convert and hence is not independent in the required way.

Low probability means round down.


Scriven, University of California Berkeley philosophy professor, 1966

[Michael, “The Presumption of Atheism” http://commonsenseatheism.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Scriven-The-Presumption-of-Atheism.pdf, p.3-4, accessed 2-19-12, TAP]


Against this it has commonly been held that the absence of arguments for the existence

AND

. Atheism is obligatory in the absence of any evidence for God's existence.

God can’t exist – Hell and people who will never hear the word


Stefanelli, Georgia State American Atheists director, 8-30-11

[Al, author of A Voice of Reason in an Unreasonable World, “Proving The Christian God Does Not Exist” http://www.examiner.com/atheism-in-national/proving-the-christian-god-does-not-exist, accessed 2-18-12, TAP]


Another proof that god is not perfect is the venue that he chose to communicate

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beliefs rather than his actions is imperfect, and thus does not exist.

They don’t prove anything – dozens of explanations.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


Argument from Prophesy and Miracles Now, let’s discuss prophesy and miracles. I am

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and miracles have actually occurred, or that they are just tall tales?

Bible isn’t really historically accurate.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


Argument from Authority I think that most people begin their belief in a god because

AND

thus likely a complete fabrication which fulfilled a common story line for saviors.

Jesus didn’t exist – no reliable historical evidence.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


Did Jesus Exist? Like most people (especially those raised Christian, like I

AND

to that conclusion after he studied the historical evidence for the prophet's life.

State’s good


Sullivan, the New Republic – editor, 1995 (Andrew, Virtually Normal, pg. 91-93)


Moreover, mere cultural redeployment in a free society is always subject to a cultural

AND

or projects for turning the cage into something more like a human home.”


2AC – GBTL

And status quo solves the net-benefit


Eugene J. Koprowski, World Net Daily, 12/26/2010, "Obama to give Manhattan back to Native Americans?," http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=243153, access 12/29/10


President Obama is voicing support for a U.N. resolution that could accomplish

AND

Indian Education Institute at Eastern Oregon State, one expert recalled for WND.

Corporations fill in – that’s uniquely worse


Mary Christina Wood, Oregon Law Professor, 1994

(“Protecting the Attributes of Native Sovereignty” Utah Law Review, p. L/N)


A barrage of recent development proposals directed to tribes starkly demonstrates an intense modern pressure

AND

dynamics and deference to tribes ushered in by the Self-Determination era.

Their author is a joke – he has the credentials of a high school teacher – his claims are outlandish hyperboles backed up by literally nothing – Churchill blatantly lies about his qualifications


Victor Davis Hanson, Hoover Institute Senior Fellow, 2005

(“The Seven Faces of “Dr” Churchill” http://www.nationalreview.com/hanson/hanson200503240801.asp)


Professors outside the arts at major research universities are supposed to have Ph.D

AND

of the last half-century are now so deeply etched and lined.

They lead to transition wars


James Aune, Texas A&M Communications Professor, 2000

[Selling the Free Market: the Rhetoric of Economic Correctness]


Strangely enough, if taken seriously as a prescription for policy, the essay contradicts

AND

the bourgeoisie – to implement its proposals in the teeth of popular resistance.

Use of the state is compatible with its inevitable abandonment – their advocacy risks a roll back of democracy and rights and dooms any hope for a free society


Noam Chomsky, Professor of Linguistics, MIT, CANADIAN DIMENSION, May 15, 1997, p. online.


By visions, I mean the conception of a future society that animates what we

AND

a much more free society; if the appropriate circumstances can be achieved.

Taking actions towards recognition and working within the system is key – radical utopian actions fail to create progressive change


Frank Pommersheim, South Dakota Law Professor, 1999

(31 Arizona state Law Journal 439 p. Lexis)


Neither of these responses-in their purist form-is tenable in a modern

AND

recently articulated a wide- ranging proposal to decolonize federal Indian law. n33


2AC – Consumption K

The plan would lower energy costs globally – that allows for access to resources to help people meet day-to-day needs


PoRESP Project ‘12

(Poverty, Resource Equality, and Social Policies Project, group dedicated to awareness about resource shortages on micro-level scales, “How to deal with energy poverty?” 6-12-12, http://poresp.wordpress.com/2012/06/12/how-to-deal-with-energy-poverty/, accessed 9-20-12) PM


The United Nations declared 2012 the year of sustainable energy for all. One of

AND

help the poor meet their basic needs while avoiding wasting this scarce resource.

Method shouldn’t be the top priority


Fearon, Stanford Political Science Professor, and Wendt, Ohio State IR Professor, 2002

[James and Alexander, Handbook of International Relations, p. 68]


It should be stressed that in advocating a pragmatic view we are not endorsing method

AND

, but we certainly believe a conversation should continue on all three levels.

Consequences are key


Isaac, Indiana University James H. Rudy Professor of Political Science and Center for the Study of Democracy and Public Life director, Spring 2002

(Jeffrey C. “Ends, Means, and Politics,” Dissent Magazine Vol. 49 Issue 2, p32)


Power is not a dirty word or an unfortunate feature of the world. It

AND

not true believers. It promotes arrogance. And it undermines political effectiveness.

Utilitarianism precludes any other framework for evaluations, life comes first.


Schell, 2000 (policy analyst and proliferation expert, Jonathan, “The Fate of the Earth”, p. 94-5 *This card has been gender-modified)


To say that human extinction is a certainty would, of course, be a

AND

the earth we tamper with a mystery. We are in deep ignorance.

Extinction comes first


Bok, Brandeis Philosophy Professor, 1988,

(Sisela, Applied Ethics and Ethical Theory, Rosenthal and Shehadi, eds.)


Everything changes when it is the world’s perishing itself that is at stake. I

AND

make the promise itself and the end to be accomplished by it impossible.”

The same argument can be made for Kant’s other formulations of the Categorical Imperative:

AND

even killing an innocent person, in order that the world not perish.

To avoid self-contradiction, the Categorical Imperative would, therefore, have to

AND

pose a strong challenge to the unity and simplicity of Kant’s moral theory.

No root cause


Joshua Goldstein, American University International Relations Professor, 2001, “War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa,” p.411-412


I began this book hoping to contribute in some way to a deeper understanding of

AND

on injustice as the main cause of war seems to be empirically inadequate.

Prefer proximate causes


Hinde and Pulkkinnen, Cambridge psychology professor and University of Jyväskylä psychology professor, 2000

[Robert and Lea, DRAFT Background Paper for Working Group 1: HUMAN AGGRESSIVENESS AND WAR, 50th Pugwash Conference On Science and World Affairs: "Eliminating the Causes of War" Queens\' College, Cambridge , UK, 3-8 August http://www.pugwash.org/reports/pac/pac256/WG1draft1.htm]


People are capable of perpetrating the most terrible acts of violence on their fellows.

AND

we are concerned with the factors that make such conflicts escalate into violence.

The answer to that question depends critically on the context. While there may be

AND

multiple causes, and the interactions between the causal factors remain largely unexplored.

Alt fails


Eakin, NYT, 3

(Emily, 4-19-2003, “The Latest Theory Is That Theory Doesn't Matter,” http://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/19/books/the-latest-theory-is-that-theory-doesn-t-matter.html, accessed 10-20-11, CMM)


These are uncertain times for literary scholars. The era of big theory is over

AND

intellectuals," she said, "has a terror of being politically irrelevant."

The alt is vague – that’s a reason to reject the team because it makes them a moving target that we can’t test to determine if it is true, and vague alts fail.


Farber, City University of New York Brooklyn College political science professor, 9-13-12

[Samuel, “Occupy Wall Street and the Art of Demanding” http://truth-out.org/opinion/item/11507-occupy-wall-street-and-the-art-of-demanding, accessed 9-15-12, TAP]


The OWS reluctance to formulate demands might have been beneficial initially in that it might

AND

where they are – to point B – where they want to be.

Intellectual change fails – environmental pragmatism is key.


Lewis, George Washington University geography and regional science professor, 1992

[Martin, “Green Delusions: An Environmentalist Critique of Radical Environmentalism” http://books.google.com/books?id=cMThEEHW2JYC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false, p.11-2, accessed 7-10-12, TAP]


Many eco-radicals hope that a massive ideological campaign can transform popular perceptions,

AND

political plans must be devised if those policies are ever to be realized.

The alt looks like medieval times – OR no one would get on board


Lewis, George Washington University geography and regional science professor, 1992

[Martin, “Green Delusions: An Environmentalist Critique of Radical Environmentalism” http://books.google.com/books?id=cMThEEHW2JYC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false, p.7, accessed 7-10-12, TAP]


While such are the fantasies only of the most moonstruck extremists, even moderate radicals

AND

firms are able to devise, or afford, adequate pollution abatement equipment.

Alt creates spectatorship – turns the K


David E. McClean, New School University Professor, and Society for the Study of Africana Philosophy President, 2001, “The Cultural Left and the Limits of Social Hope,” http://www.american-philosophy.org/archives/past_conference_programs/pc2001/Discussion%20papers/david_mcclean.htm


Yet for some reason, at least partially explicated in Richard Rorty's Achieving Our Country

AND

critics with their snobish disrespect for the so-called "managerial class."

Transition wars


Barnhizer, Cleveland State University Law Professor, 6

(David R. Barnhizer, “Waking from Sustainability's "Impossible Dream": The Decisionmaking Realities of Business and Government,” Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 18 Geo. Int'l Envtl. L. Rev. 595, lexis, accessed 7-4-12, CMM)


The scale of social needs, including the need for expanded productive activity, has

AND

, place economic and social justice high on a list of priorities. n60

The imperative of economic growth applies not only to the needs and expectations of people

AND

social justice while avoiding and mitigating the most destructive consequences of our behavior.

Innovation keeps up with consumption


Kurzweil 08 (Ray, Scientist, Inventor and Entrepreneur inducted in the National Inventors Hall of Fame and winner of the 1999 National Medal of Technology, Washington Post, “Making the World A Billion Times Better”, 4-13, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/11/AR2008041103326.html)


MIT was so advanced in 1965 (the year I entered as a freshman)

AND

, in all its forms, is helping the future look brighter exponentially.

Rebound effect is small


Giberson, instructor with the Center for Energy Commerce in the Rawls College of Business at Texas Tech University, 8-9-12

(Michael, “The rebound effect: the ACEEE strikes back,” theenergycollective.com/michaelgiberson/101156/rebound-effect-aceee-strikes-back?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=The+Energy+Collective+(all+posts),accessed 8-13-12, CMM)


This would be a matter of mere technical interest among energy policy economists but for

AND

rebound effects can substantially tilt cost-benefit analysis against energy efficiency policies.

Can’t solve the case


Banholzer, executive vice president and chief technology officer of The Dow Chemical Company, 8-15-12

(Wlliam, he manages a $1.7 billion research and development budget, elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2002 and currently serves on the National Research Council’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, “Solar-Powered Cars? Clean Energy Hype Needs a Sober Dose Of Reality,” http://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2012/08/15/solar-powered-cars-clean-energy-hype-needs-a-sober-dose-of-reality/print/, accessed 8-17-12, CMM)


The distinction between what’s possible and what’s practical is sorely missing from the clean energy

AND

must be charted with pragmatism or we risk getting lost along the way.

1AR

AT: Resurrection

Jesus didn’t exist – no reliable historical evidence.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


Did Jesus Exist? Like most people (especially those raised Christian, like I

AND

to that conclusion after he studied the historical evidence for the prophet's life.

AT: It’s Possible

Pascal’s wager doesn’t prove the existence of God.


Thomas, Atheists of Silicon Valley president, 2008

[Mark, “Why Atheism?” http://www.godlessgeeks.com/WhyAtheism.htm, accessed 2-24-12, TAP]


Pascal’s Wager There is an argument for belief in God that is called Pascal’s Wager

AND

wager, they have (perhaps implicitly) given up these important traits.

AT: Universe’s Exist Proves

Doesn’t exist – wouldn’t have created.


Stefanelli, Georgia State American Atheists director, 8-30-11

[Al, author of A Voice of Reason in an Unreasonable World, “Proving The Christian God Does Not Exist” http://www.examiner.com/atheism-in-national/proving-the-christian-god-does-not-exist, accessed 2-18-12, TAP]


According to Christianity, god exists and he is perfect. An imperfect god cannot

AND

exist and thus, a perfect god who creates anything is not perfect.

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