South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet




НазваSouth Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet
старонка4/4
Дата канвертавання29.10.2012
Памер150.15 Kb.
ТыпДокументы
1   2   3   4

“Secret of Photo 51”




Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?

w
ww.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp/dev/photopage1.1.html



Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?

w
ww.davidgalbraith.org/archives/cat_science.html




Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?

http://osulibrary.orst.edu/specialcollections/coll/pauling/dna/pictures/portrait-crick.jpg/




Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?

http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1962/watson-bio.html

Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?






http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1982/klug-autobio.html

Who am I?


What role do I play in this documentary?

http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1962/wilkins-bio.html



Using the list below, your lecture notes (also available from my website), and your workbook, make CERTAIN that you can do each of the following. You should have a general knowledge base that would allow you to answer questions on the following statements. Check off each statement/objective as you feel comfortable with it!

Three Things I NEED to find out about during this review


1



2



3






OK?

Objective



Mendelian Genetics





  • recognize that Mendel developed his laws of heredity without any prior knowledge concerning genes or chromosomes.




  • list at least five reasons for Mendel's success working with pea plants.




  • recognize that every organism has coded instructions for specifying its traits and that DNA provides a reliable way for transferring hereditary information from one generation to the next.




  • recognize that each gene carries a separate piece of information.




  • recognize that the inherited trait of an individual can be determined by one or by many genes, and that one gene can influence more than one cell.




  • recognize that each human cell contains thousands of genes.




  • correctly define the following terms; gene, allele, chromosome, locus, and homologous chromosomes.




  • recognize that alleles are located on the same position on homologous chromosomes.




  • recognize that in asexually reproducing organisms, all the genes come from a single parent and are identical to those of the parent.




  • recognize that sexually reproducing organisms receive half their genetic information from their Mother's egg and half from their Father's sperm.




  • recognize that sexually reproduced offspring usually resemble, but are not identical to their parents.




  • define the following terms and correctly use them in reference to genetic crosses; homozygous, heterozygous (hybrid), parental generation, first filial generation, and second filial generation.




  • define the terms progeny and sibling.




  • define the following terms and correctly use them in reference to genetic crosses; phenotype and genotype.




  • state Mendel's three Laws of Heredity and correctly explain each.




  • list two examples of intermediate inheritance.




  • list two examples of codominance.




  • correctly complete genetic crosses/Punnett squares involving the Law of Dominance, incomplete dominance, or codominance.




  • define the term gene linkage and list an example of this in humans.




  • define the term crossing over and explain how it leads to genetic variability in sexually produced offspring.




  • explain what is meant by a karyotype and list some examples of its usefulness.




  • explain how sex is determined in the genetic makeup of humans.




  • explain why the male determines the sex of a human baby.




  • define the term mutation.




  • explain why only mutations in gametes may be passed on to the offspring.




  • explain the difference between a chromosomal alteration and a gene mutation.




  • define the following terms correctly; disjunction, nondisjunction, polyploidy, and mutagenic agent




  • list some examples of mutagenic agents.




  • recognize that the adaptive value of a gene mutation is dependent upon the nature of the mutation and the type of environment in which the organism interacts.




  • list three examples of the interaction of the environment with genes in the expression of inherited traits.




  • explain the difference between the following types of selective breeding; artificial selection, inbreeding, hybridization, vegetative propagation, and recombinant DNA technology.




  • explain the difference between the following changes in chromosome structure; translocation, addition, deletion, and inversion.




  • recognize that the mapping of the genetic instructions in cells makes it possible to detect, and perhaps correct, defective genes that lead to poor health.




  • recognize that substances from genetically engineered organisms may reduce the costs and side effects of replacing costly body chemicals.










Modern Genetics




  • recognize that DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) controls cellular activity by influencing the production of enzymes.




  • describe the structure of a nucleotide.




  • describe the structure of the DNA molecule.




  • explain what is meant by complementary base pairing.




  • explain how DNA is able to replicate itself during mitosis and meiosis.




  • correctly define the term template.




  • explain the usefulness of the Watson-Crick model of DNA.




  • define the term polymer and explain why DNA and RNA are polymers.




  • describe the structure of RNA and list three ways it differs in structure from DNA.




  • explain how proteins are synthesized from a DNA template.




  • define the terms transcription and translation.




  • explain the role of mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA in the process of protein synthesis.




  • correctly define the terms triplet, codon, and anticodon.




  • in a paragraph or two, explain how DNA, RNA, and proteins are able to determine the individuality of an organism




  • recognize that the work of a cell is carried out by the many different kinds of molecules it assembles (especially its proteins).




  • recognize that proteins are long, folded molecules composed of up to 20 different kinds of amino acids which interact to produce specific protein shapes.




  • recognize that enzymes and hormones are protein in nature.




  • recognize that the specific shape of a protein usually determines its function.




  • realize that offspring resemble their parents because they inherit similar genes that code for the production of proteins that form similar structures and perform similar functions.




  • explain in a paragraph how cell functions are regulated.




  • explain why the body cells of an organism can be very different from each other, even though they have the same genetic makeup.




  • explain what is meant by cloning and list some uses of this.




  • describe the process of genetic engineering and list five uses for this procedure.




  • explain what restriction enzymes are and how they are used.




  • recognize that inserting, deleting, or altering DNA segments can alter genes and that this alteration may be passed on to every cell that develops from the altered cell




  • explain what the genetic mapping is.




  • explain what the human genome project is and some potential advantages/ disadvantages of this work.



Three things I learned during this review
















©Mr. Comet’s Living Environment Lecture Outlines, 2007-2008, South Lewis High School, Turin, New York 13473. Permission is granted for not-for-profit educational use by certified teachers.
1   2   3   4

Падобныя:

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconI am Selena Gomez. A high school student, I don’t know about you, but I swear I hate high school. The exams, the peers, the parties! But looking back at my high

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconLiving Environment

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconFrank Sinatra School of the Arts High School, Long Island City, Queens

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconBerryhill Middle School and High School

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconHi, my name is Marta Marusza and I am 13 years old. Since my birth I have been living in Brzeszcze, a small town in the south of Poland. Now I am studying in

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconIn the high of south africa

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconIn the high court of south africa (western cape high court, cape town)

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconIn the high court of south africa

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconIn the high court of south africa

South Lewis High School – Mr. Comet Living Environment Unit 4 Note Packet iconIn the high court of south africa

Размесціце кнопку на сваім сайце:
be.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©be.convdocs.org 2012
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі
be.convdocs.org
Галоўная старонка