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Distribution Limited: This document is limited to those personnel performing military, intelligence, law enforcement, or security duties in support of Homeland Defense. This document should not be released in whole or part to the general public.



DAILY SECURITY-RELATED ARTICLES FROM FOREIGN MEDIA

AREA SURROUNDING JAPAN OSINT REPORT (ASJOR)

1 October 2012

REPORT # ASJOR-001-13


Customers are invited to browse our ASJOR archives located at the following URLs:


INTELINK-U: https://www.intelink.gov/zama/asdmain.aspx

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Click the following NIPRNet link to SUBSCRIBE/UNSUBSCRIBE


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARTICLES:


CHINA


China Refutes Japanese Politician\'s Remarks

China Daily Online (10/1/2012)

A Chinese spokesman on Sunday refuted the remarks of a Japanese politician and reiterated China's sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands.


'It is a clear fact that the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets are China's inherent territory,' Foreign Ministry Spokesman Hong Lei said in response to a question concerning Seiji Maehara's remarks on the islands.


Maehara, a former leader of the Democratic Party of Japan, reportedly said Saturday that China was 'distorting historical facts' when it said Japan grabbed the Diaoyu Islands from China.


'Seiji Maehara's remarks are extremely wrong,' Hong said, adding that there are always some people in Japan, even some politicians, who 'dare not face the history directly and try to evade it.'


'So it was no wonder that Seiji Maehara made such remarks,' said the spokesman.


It was in 1884 that Japan claimed to find the Diaoyu Islands for the first time, Hong said. 'However, the islands had been under China's jurisdiction nearly 500 years before that.'


According to Japan Diplomatic Documents compiled by the Japanese Foreign Ministry, Japan was completely aware, prior to the grabbing, that the Diaoyu Islands belonged to China, Hong said.


In 1951, Japan, the United States and a number of other countries signed the Treaty of San Francisco with China being excluded from it, and the treaty placed the Nansei Islands south of the 29th parallel of North Latitude under the United States' trusteeship.


Hong said that the Nansei Islands placed under the U.S. administration did not include the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets.


He said the United States arbitrarily expanded its jurisdiction to include the Diaoyu Islands later, to which the Chinese government resolutely opposed.


In 1971, Japan and the United States signed the Okinawa Reversion Agreement, which provided that the Ryukyu Islands and the Diaoyu Islands would be 'returned' to Japan. The move triggered strong opposition of the Chinese government and people.


Hong said the United States, in response to the opposition, had to publicly clarify its position on the sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and stated that the United States took a neutral position with regard to the competing Japanese and Chinese claims to the islands, despite the return of administrative rights over the islands to Japan.


During the negotiations on the normalization of China-Japan relations in 1972 and on the signing of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1978, there were also some people in Japan who tried to deny the dispute over the Diaoyu Islands, Hong said.


The historical documents and news reports at that time showed clearly that the dispute did exist and the then leaders of the two countries reached important understanding and common ground on 'leaving the issue of the Diaoyu Islands to be resolved later.'


The Japanese government's decision on September 10 to 'purchase' the Diaoyu Islands severely violated China's sovereignty over its territory, was highly offensive to the Chinese people, and seriously impaired the relations between China and Japan, Hong said.


China strongly urges Japan to face facts and recognize the seriousness of the current situation, Hong said, adding that Japan should take measures immediately to correct its mistakes and work together with China to solve the problem through dialogues and negotiations.


He said China has always attached importance to developing relations with Japan, and the exchanges and cooperation between the two countries in various areas have been beneficial over the past 40 years.


'Both China and Japan should cherish the hard-won situation of the cooperation,' he said.

Back to Top


White Paper On Diaoyu Islands Hits The Market

Xinhua News Online (9/28/2012)

The white paper on Diaoyu Islands, issued by the Chinese government earlier this week, hit the market Friday, asserting China's indisputable sovereignty over the island and its affiliated islets.


The white paper, published in Chinese, English and Japanese, has been issued both at home and abroad.


Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets are an inseparable part of the Chinese territory. It is China's inherent territory in all historical, geographical and legal terms, and China enjoys indisputable sovereignty over Diaoyu Island, the white paper says.


The white paper was released by the State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China on Tuesday.

Back to Top


China Hints At Compensation For Damage By Anti-Japan Protests

Asahi.com (9/29/2012)

China indicated it might pay for damages to Japanese properties caused by the widespread protests that erupted after the Japanese government bought the Senkaku Islands earlier this month.


“(China) will deal properly with related matters according to the actual situation,” Yang Yu, spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Tokyo, said at a news conference on Sept. 27.


During the anti-Japan protests in China, demonstrators threw rocks and bottles at the Japanese Embassy in Beijing, smashed windows and caused other destruction of Japanese businesses, and set fire to a factory of a Japanese manufacturer.


Yang insisted that the demonstrations were “purely voluntary acts by the people.”


But he also said: “China is a nation ruled by law. We call on the people to express their complaints rationally and according to the law.”


In 2005, anti-Japan protests spread in China. Demonstrators broke windows and caused other damage to the Japanese Embassy and Japanese restaurants and businesses.


At that time, China shouldered the costs to repair the embassy and consulates general. It also provided compensation for part of damage to each Japanese business.

Back to Top


China Speeds Up Construction Of Sansha

China.org.cn (9/29/2012)

Authorities with the newly established city of Sansha, located in the South China Sea, on Saturday began mapping out development plans for four infrastructure projects and started a housing program as the building of the island city revs up.


The infrastructure projects include road construction, water supply and drainage on Yongxing Island, where the city government is seated.


According to the plan, seven roads with a total length of five kilometers will be repaired or built to improve the island's traffic situation.


Meanwhile, a desalinator capable of processing 1,000 cubic meters of seawater a day will be built on the island to ensure fresh water supplies.


The projects also include the construction of inter-island transportation and a dock, as well as the development of Zhaoshu Island.


On Saturday, Mayor of Sansha Xiao Jie announced the beginning of a housing construction program with a total investment of 18.7 million yuan (2.97 million U.S. dollars).

Sansha was officially set up on July 24 on Yongxing Island to administer the Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands and their surrounding waters in the South China Sea.


Over the past two months, the government has been working to build the island into a city of harmony between human and nature, said Zhang Geng, executive vice mayor of Sansha.

Back to Top


China\'s Most Advanced Research Ship Delivered

China.org.cn (9/30/2012)

China's most sophisticated research vessel -- named Kexue, or Science -- was delivered to its operator on Saturday in Qingdao, a port city in eastern Shandong Province.


The 87.5-million-U.S. dollar ship, manufactured by the Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd. based in Hubei Province, was handed over to the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS).


Weighing 4,711 tons, the vessel is 99.8 meters long and 17.8 meters wide. With a cruising capacity of 15,000 nautical miles and a top speed of 15 knots, it can travel with 80 members for 60 days.


Kexue features better stability and a larger laboratory space as well as having more maneuverability in comparison with other Chinese research vessels, said Sun Song, director of the IOCAS. He added that the vessel is among the world's most advanced research ships.


Capable of global voyages and all-day observations, the ship is seen as a moving laboratory on the sea.


It will serve as one of the key vessels for the country's oceanographic studies for the next 10 to 20 years, with world-leading facilities for scientific detection and experiments, Sun said.


Kexue is designed to conduct a wide range of tasks, such as water body detection, atmospheric exploration, deep-sea environment exploration and remote sensing information verification.


The construction of the ship began in 2010 and launched in November last year for trials.

Back to Top


Expert: China\'s Aircraft Carrier May Use Upgraded Version Of J-11 Fighters

People's Daily Online (9/29/2012)

China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, is over 300 meters long and over 70 meters wide. The distance from the keel to the top of the mainmast is over 60 meters. There are 10 decks below the main deck, and nine levels of island-style superstructures above the main deck, making the aircraft carrier look like a 20-story building. The Liaoning has a normal displacement of more than 50,000 tons.


Aircraft carriers top all other types of large ships in tonnage, size, and operational capability, and are hailed as 'floating airports.' The island-style superstructures at the starboard side of an aircraft carrier are the command center for flight-deck operations, as well as the ship as a whole.


Modern carrier-based aircraft take off in mainly three ways: catapult assisted takeoff, ski-jump takeoff, and vertical takeoff. The Liaoning can carry fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters as designed.


Although there are no carrier-based aircraft on the flight deck of the Liaoning, the aircraft carrier is fully equipped for aircraft takeoff and landing.


The modern aircraft carrier is widely referred to as a 'city at sea,' and living on an aircraft carrier is like living in a small society. There are restaurants, supermarket, post office, laundry room, gym, garbage disposal station, and both noisy and quiet bars on the Liaoning, offering the crew a relatively convenient living environment.


Military expert Li Li said in an interview with the CCTV that in the short term, the Liaoning will be mainly used for scientific research and the training of aircraft carrier pilots.


Li added that a new generation of carrier pilots and excellent military officers will be trained on the Liaoning aircraft carrier, which will be the cradle of China's naval talent.


Li Jie, a researcher at the Naval Military Art Studies Institute, previously said that there are mainly two ways to train pilots. The first way is conducting most training directly on aircraft carriers using aircraft from primary through advanced training aircraft, which is adopted by the United States. The other way is conducting training on land for some time and then on board, which is adopted by China and many other countries.


There has been a lot of speculation about the aircraft, which will be deployed on the Liaoning. Military expert Yin Zhuo said in an interview with the CCTV that the type of the carrier-based aircraft has already been determined. It will take off from a ski-jump runway. It is a heavy-duty aircraft, and has an operational capability comparable to that of the Jian-11BS and Su-30 fighter aircraft.


Du Wenlong, a researcher at the PLA Academy of Military Sciences, said the aircraft deployed on China's first aircraft carrier must be an upgraded version of domestic J-11 fighters.

Back to Top


Chinese Military To Take Appropriate Measures To Perform Duties Under National Unified Deployment

People's Daily Online (9/29/2012)

Yang Yujun, spokesman of the Ministry of National Defense (MND) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), made the statement at a regular MND press conference on September 27, 2012 that the Chinese military will take appropriate measures to faithfully perform its duties under the national unified deployment.

When answering questions concerning the purpose of the military exercises held domestically as well as the comment on the issue of the U.S.-Japan joint military exercises, Yang Yujin said the recent military exercises held by the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) were organized according to plans with the purpose to improve the capability of the PLA in winning local wars under information-based conditions. These exercises have achieved the desired purposes.


What should be emphasized is that the Chinese military carries the responsibilities of safeguarding the country's territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, added Yang Yujun. The Chinese military will take appropriate measures to faithfully perform its duties under the national unified deployment based on the development of events.

Back to Top


China, U.S. Militaries Hold Annual Maritime Security Meeting

Xinhua News Online (9/28/2012)

China and U.S. militaries held an annual meeting under the Sino-U.S. military Maritime Consultative Agreement from Sept. 27 to 28 in northern port city of Qingdao.


The two militaries agreed to enhance contacts and communication in order to increase mutual trust and cooperation with a respectful, equal, active and constructive attitude.


They exchanged views on maritime security situations of the two countries since 2010 and discussed detailed measures to solve problems in this area.


The two sides agreed to strengthen military-to-military cooperation in anti-piracy and humanitarian aid as well as disaster relief efforts.


China and the United States signed the Sino-U.S. military Maritime Consultative Agreement in 1998 and so far have held nine annual meetings, which have played an active role in promoting Sino-U.S. maritime security.

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