Ministry of nature protection of turkmenistan




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ministry of nature protection of turkmenistan


turkmenistan


Third national report


Implementation of the UN convention

on biological diversity


Ashgabat - 2006


CONTENTS

CONTENTS 2

A. REPORTING PARTY 6

Information on the preparation of the report 7

B. PRIORITY SETTING, TARGETS AND OBSTACLES 9

Priority Setting 11

Challenges and Obstacles to Implementation 12

2010 Target 14

G.2 Evaluation of local status of agro-biodiversity. 28

The national programmes “Strategy for Socio-Economic Changes in Turkmenistan for the Period till 2010” and “Grain” are also in progress. The “Strategy for Economic, Political and Cultural Development of Turkmenistan for the Period till 2020” programme of President Saparmurat Turkmenbashi was developed as well. 29

Limited involvement of public and subjects of economy 67

Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) 68

The Conference of the Parties, in decision VI/9, annex, adopted the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Parties and Governments are invited to develop their own targets with this flexible framework. The Conference of the Parties considered the Strategy as a pilot approach for the use of outcome oriented targets under the Convention. In decision VII/10, the Conference of the Parties decided to integrate the targets into the reporting framework for the Third National Reports. Please provide relevant information by responding to the questions and requests contained in the following tables. 68

Ecosystem Approach 92

C. ARTICLES OF THE CONVENTION 94

Article 5 – Cooperation 94

Article 6 - General measures for conservation and sustainable use 96

Biodiversity and Climate Change 99

Article 7 - Identification and monitoring 100

Decisions on Taxonomy 104

Article 8 - In-situ conservation 108

[excluding paragraphs (a) to (e), (h) and (j)] 108

Programme of Work on Protected Areas (Article 8 (a) to (e)) 111

The Ministry of Nature Protection prepared a background to establish Zapadnouzboy sanctuary, which will include three unique desert lakes with fresh water in western Uzboy, inhabited with relict fauna of invertebrates, fish and water reptiles –Yashan, Karategelek and Topyatan (Documentation on establishing a new Balkan reserve). The proposal on nomination nature monument status to Khojakainar spring (Kainarbaba) and cave Kaptarkhana in Koitendag, inhabited with invertebrates troglobionts, relics of ancient marine fauna as well as inclusion of underground pond into Koitendag reserve (“Kugitang Biodiversity Conservation” project), has been prepared. 112

Article 8(h) - Alien species 116

Article 8(j) - Traditional knowledge and related provisions
122

GURTS 122

Status and Trends 122

Akwé:Kon Guidelines 124

Capacity Building and Participation of Indigenous and Local Communities 124

Support to implementation 126

Article 9 - Ex-situ conservation 127

Article 10 - Sustainable use of components of biological diversity 130

Biodiversity and Tourism 134

Article 11 - Incentive measures 137

Article 12 - Research and training 139

Article 13 - Public education and awareness 142

Article 14 - Impact assessment and minimizing adverse impacts 148

Article 15 - Access to genetic resources 152

Article 16 - Access to and transfer of technology 158

Programme of Work on transfer of technology and technology cooperation 159

Article 17 - Exchange of information 162

Article 18 - Technical and scientific cooperation 164

Article 19 - Handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits 168

Article 20 – Financial resources 169

A r e a s 173

x 173

x 173

x 173

x 173

D. THEMATIC AREAS 175

Challenges 175

Programme of Work 175

Agricultural 175

Forest 175

Marine and coastal 175

Inland
water ecosystem 175

Dry and subhumid lands 175

Mountain 175

(a) Lack of political will and support 175

0 175

0 175

0 175

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0 175

0 175

(b) Limited public participation and stakeholder involvement 175

2 175

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2 175

(c) Lack of main-streaming and integration of biodiversity issues into other sectors 175

(d) Lack of precautionary and proactive measures 175

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0 175

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2 175

2 175

(e) Inadequate capacity to act, caused by institutional weakness 175

2 175

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2 175

(f) Lack of transfer of technology and expertise 175

3 175

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2 175

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3 175

(g) Loss of traditional knowledge 175

(h) Lack of adequate scientific research capacities to support all the objectives 175

2 175

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2 175

(i) Lack of accessible knowledge and information 175

2 175

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2 175

(j) Lack of public education and awareness at all levels 175

2 175

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2 175

2 175

2 175

(k) Existing scientific and traditional knowledge not fully utilized 175

1 175

2 175

2 175

2 175

2 175

2 175

(l) Loss of biodiversity and the corresponding goods and services it provides not properly understood and documented 175

1 175

2 175

2 175

2 175

1 175

2 175

(m) Lack of financial, human, technical resources 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

(n) Lack of economic incentive measures 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

1 176

0 176

(o) Lack of benefit-sharing 176

(p) Lack of synergies at national and international levels 176

(q) Lack of horizontal cooperation among stakeholders 176

2 176

2 176

1 176

2 176

2 176

2 176

(r) Lack of effective partnerships 176

(s) Lack of engagement of scientific community 176

(t) Lack of appropriate policies and laws 176

(u) Poverty 176

(v) Population pressure 176

(w) Unsustainable consumption and production patterns 176

2 176

1 176

1 176

2 176

2 176

1 176

(x) Lack of capacities for local communities 176

(y) Lack of knowledge and practice of ecosystem-based approaches to management 176

(z) Weak law enforcement capacity 176

(aa) Natural disasters and environmental change 176

(bb) Others (please specify) 176

Inland water ecosystems 176

Marine and coastal biological diversity 182

General 182

Implementation of Integrated Marine and Coastal Area Management 183

Marine and Coastal Living Resources 185

A c t i v i t i e s 186

Marine and Coastal Protected Areas 187

Mariculture 188

Alien Species and Genotypes 189

Agricultural biological diversity 192

Presidential Decrees of Turkmenistan: 192

The following national programmes are under impelemetation: “Strategy of socioeconomic reforms in Turkmenistan for the period till 2010,” “On Grain,” and President Saparmurat Turkmenbashy Programme “Strategy of economic, political and cultural development of Turkmenistan for the period till 2020.” 193

Annex to decision V/5 - Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity 194

The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP) for Turkmenistan have been developed. At present in the context of implementation of the GEF/UNDP project “Turkmenistan National Capacity Self Assessment” activities are being worked out to be included in the action plan for capacity building in biodiversity in general. One of the project recommendations is the issue of the BSAP approval at the Council of Agroindustrial Complex level for political validation of the BSAP and integration in sectoral and cross-sectoral development plans and programmes. 199

The country implements the National Programmes “Strategy of socioeconomic reforms in Turkmenistan for the period till 2010” and “Grain.” 200

Forest Biological Diversity 203

General 203

Expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity 206

Biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands 215

Mountain Biodiversity 222

E. OPERATIONS OF THE CONVENTION 228

F. COMMENTS ON THE FORMAT 230

A. REPORTING PARTY

Contracting Party

Turkmenistan

N a t i o n a l F o c a l P o i n t

Full name of the institution

Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan

Name and title of contact officer

Jumamurad Saparmuradov, Deputy-Head of the National Institute of Deserts, Flora and Fauna at the Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan; National Contact Person (NCP) on the Convention on Biological Diversity

Mailing address

Bitarap Turkmenistan Str., 15, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 744000

Telephone

(993 12) 39 64 95/ 01 02

Fax

(993 12) 39 01 02 or 35 37 16

E-mail

saparmuradov@mail.ru ; sjuma@untuk.org

Contact officer for national report (if different FROM ABOVE)

Full name of the institution




Name and title of contact officer




Mailing address




Telephone




Fax




E-mail




S u b m i s s i o n

Signature of officer responsible for submitting national report




Date of submission






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