To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level's topics. Study the vocabulary lists on the right from both levels, as vocabulary builds on itself and there may be "holes" in your prior learning




НазваTo study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level's topics. Study the vocabulary lists on the right from both levels, as vocabulary builds on itself and there may be "holes" in your prior learning
Дата канвертавання08.01.2013
Памер113.28 Kb.
ТыпДокументы
NATIONAL SPANISH EXAMINATIOIN

VOCABULARY


To study vocabulary for the NSE:

- Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level's topics.

- Study the vocabulary lists on the right from both levels, as vocabulary builds on itself and there may be "holes" in your prior learning.


Months of the Year


enero January

febrero February

marzo March

abril April

mayo May

junio June

julio July

agosto August

septiembre September

octubre October

noviembre November

diciembre December

Regla. Months of the year are not capitalized in Spanish.

Basic Work Expressions


trabajo work, job

el/la jefe (-a) boss

empleado employee

oficina office

computadora computer

teléfono telephone

correo mail

dinero money

salario salary

trabajar to work

Basic Parts of the Body


cabeza head

ojo eye

la nariz nose

boca mouth

estómago stomach

la mano hand

el pie foot

Basic Clothing


Abrigo coat

botas boots

bufanda scarf

chaqueta jacket

el cinturón belt

los guantes gloves

los pantalones pants

pantalones cortos shorts

sombrero hat

el suéter sweater

el traje de baño bathing suit

los calcetines socks

zapatos shoes

camisa shirt

camiseta T-shirt

blusa blouse

falda skirt

vestido dress

las pijamas pajamas

llevar (usar) to wear

Basic Expressions of Courtesy


por favor please

gracias thank you

muchas gracias thank you very much

de nada You're welcome.

Basic Food Expressions


el pan bread

el arroz rice

el cereal cereal

pasta pasta

lechuga lettuce

papa (patata) potato

el maíz corn

manzana apple

naranja orange

fresa strawberry

pera pear

uvas grapes

plátano banana

el limón lemon

sandía watermelon

helado ice-cream

mantequilla butter

la leche milk

queso cheese

el jamón ham

pollo chicken

pavo turkey

pescado fish

huevos eggs

el chocolate chocolate

el chicle gum

el azúcar sugar

la sal salt

el flan flan (custard)

torta cake

el pastel pastry, pie

bebida drink

refresco soda pop

limonada lemonade

el café coffee

el te tea

Common Greetings and Farewells


buenos días good morning

buenas tardes good afternoon, evening

buenas noches good evening, night

hola hello

bienvenido(-a, -s) welcome

¿Cómo está usted? How are you? (polite)

¿Cómo estás? How are you? (familiar)

¿Qué tal? What's up?

¿Qué pasa? What's happening?

¿Qué hay de nuevo? What's new?

hasta pronto see you soon

hasta luego see you later

hasta mañana see you tomorrow

hasta la vista until I see you again

hasta _____ until _____

lunes Monday

martes Tuesday

miércoles Wednesday

jueves Thursday

viernes Friday

sábado Saturday

domingo Sunday

adios good-bye

chao bye

nos vemos (más tarde) we'll see each other (later)


Basic Introductions


¿Cómo te llamas? What is your name?

Me llamo _____. My name is _____

Se llama _____. His (her) name is _____.

Este es mi amigo _____ this is my friend _____

Te presento a _____ I would like to introduce you to ____

Mucho gusto, soy _____. Pleased to meet you, I'm _____


Expressing Likes and Dislikes


To express likes

Me gusta(n) . . . I like . . .

Te gusta(n) . . . You like . . .

Le gusta(n) . . . He or she likes . . .

You like . . .

Nos gusta(n) . . . We like . . .

Os gusta(n) . . . You (guys) like . . .

Les gusta(n) . . . They like . . .

You (all) like . . .

The verb encanta(n) replaces gusta(n) when the one wishes to express "to adore" or

"to love".

To express dislikes - place the word «No» in front of the above «gustar» expressions.

No me gusta . . . I don't like . . .

Air Travel (basic expressions)


aeropuerto airport

el avión airplane

helicóptero helicopter

vuelo flight

internacional international

nacional domestic

la terminal terminal

el pasaporte passport

visa visa

hacer un viaje en avión to take a trip by plane


Simple Places in a City


Biblioteca l ibrary

el hospital hospital

el hotel hotel

iglesia church

banco bank

casa house

correo post office

museo museum

aeropuerto airport

el café cafe

supermercado supermarket

el cine movie theatre

teatro theatre

escuela school

colegio high school

la universidad college

el restaurante restaurant

el parque park

zoológico zoo

plaza public square

Basic Directions


a la izquierda (de) to the left (of)

a la derecha (de) to the right (of)

delante de in front of

detrás de behind

debajo de under

encima de above

Train Travel (basic expressions)

el ferrocarril railroad

el tren train

metro subway

el tranvía streetcar, trolley, tram

viajar to travel

ir to go

volver (ue) to return

por tren by train


Basic Travel Expressions


el viaje trip

las vacaciones vacation

la excursión excursion

el/la turista tourist

el pasaporte passport

el coche car

el avión airplane

aeropuerto airport

el tren train

la estación station

el taxi taxi

el autobús bus

llegar to arrive

salir to leave

viajar to travel

visitar to visit

Basic Items Found in the Classroom


bandera flag

pizarra chalkboard

tiza chalk

el borrador eraser

el lápiz pencil

bolígrafo pen

libro book

libro de texto textbook

libro de ejercicios workbook

el papel paper

el pupitre student's desk

escritorio teacher's desk

ventana window

puerta door

el mapa map

el reloj clock

el cartel poster

la televisión television

computadora computer

calculadora calculator

disco compacto CD

alfabeto alphabet

cuaderno notebook

diccionario dictionary

mesa table

silla chair

Basic Educational Words


director (-a) principal

profesor (-a) teacher

escuela school

colegio high school

la clase class

la composición composition

biblioteca library

mochila backpack

cuaderno notebook

el/la estudiante student

el examen test

prueba quiz

novela novel

estudiar To study

enseñar to teach

aprender to learn

pensar (ie) to think

Basic Mathematical Operations


y plus

menos minus

por multiplied by, times

dividido por divided by

son (es) equals

Basic Colors


¿De qué color es? What color is it?

blanco white

gris gray

negro black

rojo Red

anaranjado orange

amarillo yellow

verde green

azul blue

morado purple

Rosado pink

marrón brown

Simple Description of Things


corto short

largo long

grande big

mediano medium

pequeño small

difícil hard, difficult

fácil easy

Nuevo new

Viejo old

bueno good

malo bad

frío cold

templado warm (neither hot nor cold)

caliente hot

mucho much, a lot

poco a little

Nota: Because all of the above traits represent permanent descriptions of things, they are usually preceded by a form of the verb ser.

Simple Description


ser ___ to be ___

rubio blond (fair complexioned)

Moreno brunette (dark complexioned)

pelirrojo red-headed

la edad age

tener . . . años to be . . . years old

¿Cuántos años tienes? How old are you?

Tengo _____ años. I am _____ years old.

estar bien (mal) de salud to be in good (poor) health

Immediate Family


la madre mother

mamá mom

el padre father

el papá dad

hermano (-a) brother (sister)

abuelo (-a) grandfather (grandmother)

nieto (-a) grandson (granddaughter)

tío (-a) uncle (aunt)

primo (-a) cousin

hijo (-a) son (daughter)

esposo, marido husband

esposa, mujer wife

sobrino (-a) nephew (niece)

amigo (-a) friend

perro dog

gato cat

nombre first name

apellido last name

apodo nickname

el/la pariente relative

llamarse to be named

Basic Parts of the House


casa house

apartamento, departamento apartment

puerta door

ventana window

cuarto room

sala living room

cocina kitchen

el comedor dining room

dormitorio bedroom

recámara bedroom (Mex.)

(cuarto de) baño bathroom

el jardín garden

el garaje garage

planta baja ground floor

piso floor (of building)

primer piso first floor

segundo piso second floor

tercer piso third floor

escalera staircase

el ascensor elevator

Basic Personality Traits


estudioso studious

aplicado hard-working

perezoso lazy

distraído absent- minded, "spacey", "ditsy"

agradable pleasant

desagradable unpleasant

simpático nice

antipático mean

inteligente intelligent

listo smart, clever

sabio knowledgeable

tonto silly, foolish

estúpido stupid

Nota: Because all of the above traits represent mental conditions, they are usually preceded by a form of the verb ser.


Basic Temporary States

aburrido bored

cansado tired

contento happy

emocionado excited

enfermo sick

listo ready

nervioso nervous

ocupado busy

preocupado (de) worried (about)

triste sad

presente present, here

ausente absent

sentado seated

de pie standing

Note: All of the above conditions are usually preceded by a fo rm of the verb estar because they

(1) show state of health or mind

(2) a condition that is likely to change (temporary state)

(3) a condition that is a result of an action

Simple Physical Characteristics

Alto tall

mediano medium (height)

bajo short

feo ugly

bello beautiful

hermoso beautiful

bonito pretty

guapo handsome

grande big

pequeño small

viejo old

joven young

gordo fat

delgado thin

Nota: Because all of the above traits represent physical conditions, they are usually preceded by a form of the verb ser.


Days of the Week


Lunes Monday

martes Tuesday

miércoles Wednesday

jueves Thursday

viernes Friday

sábado Saturday

domingo Sunday

Regla. Days of the week are not capitalized in Spanish.

Regla. The first day of the week on the Spanish calendar is lunes not domingo.

Months of the Year


enero January

febrero February

marzo March

abril April

mayo May

junio June

julio July

agosto August

septiembre September

octubre October

noviembre November

diciembre December

Regla. Months of the year are not capitalized in Spanish.

Simple Pastimes


pasatiempo hobby

bailar to dance

caminar to walk

cantar to sing

la canción song

escuchar to listen to

la radio the radio

la música the music

los discos compactos the compact discs

escribir to write

hablar por teléfono to talk on the telephone

hacer un picnic to have a picnic

hacer un viaje to take a trip

ir a la playa to go to the beach

ir a un concierto to go to a concert

ir al parque to go to the park

jugar (ue) a _____ To play _____

los deportes sports

leer to read

mirar to look at, watch

montar en bicicleta to ride a bike

montar a caballo to ride a horse

nadar to swim

pasar tiempo to spend (pass) time

pasear to stroll

tocar to play (an instrument), to touch

tomar el sol to sunbathe

Basic Sports

juego game

jugar a _____ to play

el béisbol baseball

el baloncesto/el básquetbol basketball

el tenis tennis

el golf golf

el fútbol soccer

el fútbol americano football

el jai alai jai alai

los bolos/el boliche bowling

el voleibol volleyball

dar un paseo to take a walk

hacer un viaje to take a trip

montar en bicicleta to ride a bike

montar en caballo to ride a horse

nadar to swim

en la piscina in the pool

Basic Time Divisions


momento moment

segundo second

minuto minute

media hora half-hour

hora hour

el día day

semana week

el mes month

año year

mañana morning

la tarde afternoon, evening [before sunset]

la noche night

la estación season [of the year]

primavera spring

verano summer

otoño fall, autumn

invierno winter

Telling Time


hora time

el día day

la noche night

el reloj clock

¿Qué hora es? What time is it?

Es la una./Son las ____ It's one o'clock./It's ___ o'clock.

y cuarto quarter past

menos cuarto quarter before

y media half past

y pico a little past

menos pico a little before

¿A qué hora? At what time?

a la (las) ____ at ____

el mediodía noon

la medianoche midnight

Simple Geographical Divisions


las divisiones geográficas geographic divisions

mundo world

tierra (Tierra) earth (Earth)

el continente continent

la nación nation

el país country

territorio territory

la región region

estado state

provincia province

condado county

la ciudad city

pueblo town

la capital capital


Nature and the Environment

(Basic Words - Plants and Animals)


mundo world

tierra land, dirt, earth

el agua water

el aire air

planta plant

el animal animal

el árbol tree

la flor flower

plantar to plant


Names of 21 Spanish-Speaking Countries


los Estados Unidos United States

España Spain

Cuba Cuba

la República Dominicana Dominican Republic

Puerto Rico Puerto Rico

México Mexico

Guatemala Guatemala

Honduras Honduras

Nicaragua Nicaragua

el Salvador El Salvador

Costa Rica Costa Rica

Panamá Panamá

Venezuela Venezuela

Colombia Colombia

el Ecuador Ecuador

el Perú Perú

Chile Chile

Bolivia Bolivia

el Paraguay Paraguay

la Argentina Argentina

el Uruguay Uruguay

Basic Weather Expressions


Tiempo weather

¿Qué tiempo hace? How is the weather?

Hace . . . It's . . .

calor hot

frío cold

fresco cool

viento windy

sol sunny

buen (mal) tiempo good (bad) weather

Está . . . It's . . .

nublado cloudy

Llueve. It's raining.

Nieva. It's snowing.

Llovizna. It's drizzling.

primavera spring

verano summer

otoño fall, autumn

invierno winter

Дадаць дакумент у свой блог ці на сайт

Падобныя:

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Use decoding strategies to read unfamiliar words. Use prior knowledge to make predictions about text. Unit Vocabulary

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Ve day vocabulary

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\"Grease" Vocabulary

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Sport Vocabulary Содержание

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Section Vocabulary, Grammar

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Section 1: Process Vocabulary

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\W. G.: Vocabulary List Set 7

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\CI, Truemper Asia Vocabulary 2008-09 Pages 238 253

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\Vocabulary Words: Create flash cards to remember the meanings of the following terms

To study vocabulary for the nse: Look at the outline of vocabulary topics below for the level you will test in as well as the previous level\CI, Truemper Asia Vocabulary 2008-10 edition Pages 238 253

Размесціце кнопку на сваім сайце:
be.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©be.convdocs.org 2012
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі
be.convdocs.org
Галоўная старонка