Jurika and related families




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Herald Tribune, April 1997. Also, Torrejon didn’t own a share of the stock from 1920 on, per Tom Jurika.





43 E.g., “Housekeeping and Raising Family in Zamboanga,” Bulletin of the American Historical Collection (v. VI, n. 3), July-Sept. 1978 [Katsy published this]; the Children’s Column, The Sunday Tribune (Philippines), 1939-1940; The Philippine Alphabet, n.d., n.p. (circa 1920?), pictures from collection of Mr. John Hackett; Auroro Studio, Zamboanga); manuscripts for articles sent to Sue Cecil (BWJ letter 1934).





44 Reportedly, Steve kept it during the war and had a WAVE edit it. Katsy gave a copy to Tom in 1964, and he sent it back to Katsy in first hour after receiving it, because was not what he remembered it being. Also in 1964, Tom looked up the WAVE and finally located her in Miami; she said she had returned the manuscript to Steve in 1945 (and showed Tom the transmittal letter). Katsy said Steve carried the manuscript out of Manila in 1972. [Peter Parsons thinks Patrick rewrote and edited Suzita’s copy. Stefani got copy of MS from Louis (1984), which Suzita copied for herself and for Diana.] In 1996, Tom W. Jurika and Samboyd Stagg completed an edited version of Blanche’s MS that has not been published; copy with DKM, 1/04.





45 Agnes Keith won first prize ($1,000).





46 Jan. 1938 B.W. Jurika letter.





47 See file: “bought an acreage at Tagaytay, Cavite, overlooking Taal Lake, and made a pretty cottage-home on it for herself….” Also letter to Elizabeth H. Cecil, 10 March 1939. Yet when Blanche died without a will, the only real estate mentioned in the estate papers was the Panabutan plantation.





48 28 Dec 1939 letter to Blanche at Tagaytay about the payment of rents and “the Chinese interested in buying your plantation.”





49 Family members have lists of books that describe the heroic roles played by Uncle Chick, Uncle Steve, and Uncle Tom.





50 Item in scrapbook of Margaret Ellis Gillooly, whose parents, Thornton and Thelma Ellis, lived in Cebu (1941-42); from Jane Doner Fredrickson, Greensboro, NC (undated). Peter Parsons sent a note dated 5 Oct 1940, saying “Mrs. Jurika is going to get P12,000 for a serial she is selling to Satevepost” – so she was also writing.





51 Now worn by Virginia Jurika, wife of Louis Jurika, Tom’s son.





52 In a post-war interview, former prisoner Jose L. Llanes speculated that Mrs. Jurika was perhaps arrested because of “her anti-Japanese propaganda before the war through her radio station KZRH…and secondly because of a transmittal…to Col. Baja…[who in turn sent these on to Col. Romulo in Australia].”





53 Peter Parsons





54 Private radio use was banned in January 1943.





55 Or perhaps Blanche knew that she would never be well again, and was thus willing to take the chances involved in order to serve her country and hasten the end of the war.





56 After the war, Tom and Ginny Jurika went up to Tagaytay and found only the cement foundations of the house; some distance away they discovered Blanche’s diningroom table being used as a slaughtering board by the Filipino neighbors (this owned by Lou Jurika, 2/04). Lou remembered, too, that Katsy had a roadside marker with a kilometer number on it in her Manila garden – supposedly that had marked the entrance to Blanche’s driveway at Tagaytay.





57 Notes that Dr. Hawthorne Darby, an American woman (former superintendent of Mary J. Johnston Memorial Hospital in Manila; surgeon, gynecologist, pediatrician trained at JHU) removed her left breast against incipient cancer in April-May 1943 - or May 15 at Emmanuel Hospital, a medical cooperative founded in 1936 by the Cosmopolitan Church; radiation may have followed. Pirovano wrote to Chick Parsons in May that Blanche was recuperating well and had recovered good health and spirits.





58 E.g,, from Pirovano, Elizalde, Bata Shoe, etc.; notes of REC 11/22/44. Bata Shoe was owned by Ludwig Gervich, a cellmate of Sam B. Stagg’s in Ft Santiago. Also letter from Norbert (“Otti”) Schmelkes, Czech businessman in the underground, to Chick Parsons, 22 Jul 1944. These notes were for the most part forged by Reyes, and Samboyd Stagg said he gave a copy of one to Uncle Tom Jurika.





59 Memo, Barker H. Brown, Family Aid Committee, Santo Tomas Internment Camp, to R.E. Cecil, Los Banos, “Re; Mrs. Jurika.” Blanche was “comfortable and quite happy…improving steadily and can now use her arm to fix her hair…”





60 Samboyd Stagg, 12/03. Wrote book, Lt. Ramsey’s War, available through Brassey’s. Still alive in 12/2003.





61 Straughan had been ordered to take his men and escape through the jungle; he was to set up an intelligence gathering organization. MacArthur said he had all the men and weapons he needed; what he needed was intelligence – where the Jap troops were, how many, their morale, supply depots, etc. Col. Straughn was captured and executed.





62 Post-war interview with Jose L. Llanos says that when arrested in 1943, Blanche was “with Ms. Carmen de Elizalde Jimenes.... One of the American prisoners at Santo Tomas kept this transmittal and [Blanche] did not squeal on him. She was a real heroine. Maybe this was one reason why the Japanese gave her the works. She was at the STU for only 10 minutes…”





63 Mrs. Foley’s husband and son were eventually liberated, but she was executed. Samboyd Stagg says: Walter Brooks Foley was pastor of the Union Church in Manila. His only child was a daughter, Francis Helen. Foley had no connection whatsoever with the guerilla movement. I don’t believe he was ever arrested or taken to Ft. Santiago. He sat out the occupation in Santa Tomas Internment Camp, and was killed by Jap 105mm artillery fire a few days after we were liberated on 2/3/45.





64 Rev. S.W. and Mary Stagg arrived in Manila in 1923 and helped establish the Cosmopolitan Church. She was accused of harboring Chinese wanted by the Japanese, and contributing money, shotguns and ammunition, clothing, and medicines to help them and Markling’s and Zambal’s guerillas. War Department notice; Jul. 9, 1944.





65 Assemblyman Uzanico of Negros showed very badly the effects of his interrogations; some people were held in solitary confinement for 3 months, yet knew only a few details to reveal. Few enjoyed the Fort Santiago policy of having a rest period and better food before they were released. REC, 11.22.44





66 Cells 2, 3, and 5; letter from Tito Dans to REC, March 30, 1945.





67 There were 16 cells in the “Manila Division” of Fort Santiago. Each cell was 18 by 16 feet, and its “capacity” 24 – but I [saw the Japanese] cram in 40 miserable creatures. The cell was elevated about two feet from the ground of the corridor, and its wooden floor became shiny from the constant rubbing of the prisoners’ bodies…; letter cited below from Adalia Bautista.





68 Adalia Marquez de Bautista, formerly with Manila Tribune and Philippines Herald reportorial staff; letter to Sue J. Cecil, August 23, 1946.





69 Letter from Tito Dans to REC, March 30, 1945: in addition, camote, or rice with “little vegetables” and misu sauce.





70 Esther S. Belarmino was a cellmate of Blanche’s from Feb. 4 until the end of August 1944, and wrote a document in 1961 that is a source for some of the following narrative.





71 The other was Charro Manzano, wife of Col. Narciso Manzano of the Philippine Scouts, who would braid Blanche’s by-now white hair. Charo was released May 26, 1944, after Blanche was moved to Bilibid.





72 The prisoner lay on the floor and the Japs would wrap a wet cloth around her nose and then apply the hose, with running water, to her mouth – until the prisoner was suffocating or unconscious.





73 The specific charges in the court martial were: 1) Buying emergency notes from Helen Wilkes and Mrs. Stagg; 2) Distribution of propaganda notes; 3) Helping guerrillas directly with food supplies, medicine, and clothing; and 4) Constant communication with Chick Parsons from Australia by submarine. It’s not clear whether the Japanese knew about the work of her sons, Steve (who identified targets for the bombing of Japan) or Tom. Some prisoners in neighboring cells were court martialed on exactly the same grounds. However, Elizalde and Pirrovano were convicted of “maintaining a short wave receiver and transmitter, supporting guerillas, propaganda, reporting tonnage and movement of ships at Manila Bay, and constant communications with submarines at Mindoro [which Chick ran]” – Tito Dans letter to REC, Mar. 30, 1945.





74 Reportedly, she had “galloping cancer.” The (Japanese?) doctors didn't feel an operation was worthwhile; this was 1944 and she was 64 years old.





75 Again, Blanche was held in three different cells – but they were labeled only with Japanese characters, so the prisoners couldn’t interpret them. Letter from Tito Dans to REC, March 30, 1945.





76 Richard Sakakida, a Japanese-American who was forced to interpret for the Japanese, interpreted at Blanche’s trial here – and at the trials of Mrs. Stagg, Mrs. Darby, Mrs. Wilkes, a nun, and 20 men, including Juan Elizalde, Enrico Pirovino, Peping Ozamis, and others. War crimes testimony in 1946 indicated that there were often not really trials – just quiet decisions on who would die. See his book, A Spy in Their Midst: The Story of Richard Sakakida, as told to Wayne S. Kiyosaki (Madison Books, 1997), 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706.





77 Letter “Re; Mrs. Blanche Walker Jurika,” from Howard F. Bresee to Mrs. Robert Cecil, 24 October, 1944.





78 San Francisco Chronicle, Jul 10, 1944, p. 9, home edition.





79 In Oct. 1944, when the Japanese felt the war was about over, they sent Fort Santiago prisoners to Santo Tomas – and all but five Fort Santiago prisoners arrived. Toots was one of those missing, but the missionaries and others were sworn to secrecy regarding the fate of the missing women. Nobody learned what happened until the forces came in.





80 Sakakida, a Japanese-American from Maui, HI, had been recruited out of high school , trained by Army intelligence and sent to the Philippines in 1941 to work his way into the Japanese community in Manila and report on their activities. Sakakida, who died in California in 1996 after publishing his own memoirs, was interpreter for General Wainwright, when Wainwright surrendered to Japanese General Homma on Corregidor in 1942. Sakakida was pressed into serving his new masters and became Homma's secretary under duress: Homma threatened to cut off his head if he didn't. Later Sakakida was on the staff on Yamashita, commanding officer in the Philippines. In this capacity, he had been present at the trials of Blanche Jurika and others, as well as at their executions. After the war, according to Uncle Tom, Sakakida didn't know if he would be punished or executed; it was left up to Uncle Tom, who had him reinstated in the US Army.





81 Letter from Tom Jurika to Sue and Bob Cecil, Nov. 1, 1945, clarifies that the first mass graves he saw were those of the Chinese consul and others murdered in 1942 – not Blanche’s resting place. Tom was still trying to recover and identify Blanche’s remains Nov. 30, 1945. Before March 1946, the grave was found - reportedly by bribing the former Japanese interpreter (Sakakida?); by this time, only heads could be identified from dental records, so they were placed in the 29 niches in the Martyrs’ Monument. The bones were buried all together near the monument.





82 “Around 5 or 6 in the afternoon (there was no more sun), the trucks came back and all the soldiers happily came down with the shovels….none of us slept that night.” Esther Belarmino (7/61).





83 When the grave was finally located, it appeared the five women were in a “women’s grave” adjacent to that containing the men’s remains.





84 Affadavit of Richard M. Sakakida, Jan. 14, 1946, regarding case CIO-12 and events in August 1944, when approximately 50 people were convicted as guerillas, and 30-40 were executed. The executioner was one TACHIKAWA Seitoku, a civilian with rank equivalent to a lieutenant in the army, then serving as prison warden at old Bilibid Prison in Manila.





85 War crimes testimony by Col. Edmundo Navarro: Blanche was the only woman [?] killed August 30, 1944. She and 28 others…Lt. Col. Jose Ozamis, Col. Manual Enriquez, Thomas Acop, Vicente Gepte, Cirilo Lopez, Down Alejandro, Emilio Grupe, Enrico Priovano, Jose Ma. Alvarez, Henry de Lara, Luis Pulido, Alejandro Alzarez, Francisco de Leon, Nestor Reynoso, Manuel Arguilla, Virgilio Lobregat, Vicente L. Reyes, Wiliam Arthur, Gregorio Magat, Rafael R. Roces, Jr., Col. Manuel Atanacio, Jose Manosa, Gregorio O. Soriano, Antionio J. Montalban, Lt. Rodolpho R. Yap, Juan Manual Elizalde, Tom Myers, and a Banales. Mary Stagg and Helen Wilkes were also beheaded and buried in the Cosmopolitan Church graveyard. WHAT HAPPENED TO the Darbys?


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In the 1930s, Sue Jurika Cecil paid $90/each for several copies of The Walkers of the Old Colony and Their Descendants (by J.B.R.Walker, A.M.; Metcalf & Co, 1861, Northampton, MA).

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Sarah Walker m. John Tisdall of Duxbury, who moved to Taunton before 6 Dec 1653 and bore him eight children; d. Dec. 1676.

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James m. Elizabeth Philips and then Sarah Row; d. 15 Feb 1691, leaving five children.

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Jane may have been the daughter of Michael Metcalf of Dedham, MA, or of Mr. Butterworth of Dedham.

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Dorothy was the daughter of Preserved (1654-1724) and Martha Redaway Abell of Seekonk, who married Sept. 27, 1667. He was a lieutenant in Sam Gallup’s Company for an expedition in 1690, and the couple had five children.

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Abigail’s parents were Ezra (1680-1737) and Abigail (10 Dec 1704- 1 Jan/Jun 1795) Dean of Taunton, MA. Her grandparents were Ezra and Bethiah Edson Dean of Taunton and Bridgewater, MA.

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Abel Walker’s Revolutionary War Service enabled Sue Jurika Cecil to became a DAR member in 1951.

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Lois’s parents were Thomas (III, b. 30 Oct 1706; d. 1780) and Bathsheba Bosworth Read of Seekonk. Both Lois and her sister, Bathsheba, were married to Thomas Walker. The girls’ grandfather, also Thomas (I), was the immigrant from England.

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The leading printer and publisher in the United States after the Revolution and founder of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812.

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We know little about the Eatons – and the statement that Ebenezer Eaton was Mary’s brother has not been verified. One Rev. Aaron Bancroft of Worcester wrote to Thomas on Jul 14, 1823 regarding the “unhappy accident that has befallen your Father Eaton….thrown from his chaise and his leg was badly broken.” CHECK THOMAS WALKER PAPERS at Oneida Historical Society.

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The Oneida Historical Society also has many other papers relating to Walker’s busy civic life, including his tenure as secretary of the “Wilberforce Society, [whose purpose was to colonize] the free blacks of this country upon the shores of Africa.”

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In Utica’s first city directory (1817), Thomas Walker is listed as printer and bookseller at 44 Genesee St., with his residence at 52 Main Street. In 1854 and 1862, he is president of the Bank of Utica, living at 26 Broadway.

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Thomas Walker obituary, Utica Morning Herald and Daily Gazette, Friday, June 12, 1863, p. 2.

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Mrs. Charles H. Walker had a scrapbook that included part of a latter that had been printed in a Utica newspaper, written by George Walker in 1839 during that journey. Her son, George, had the knife, fork, and spoon that George took on that trip (1936); Steven Burt had these and other George Walker materials in 1983.

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1854 Utica directory, George is with Golden, Walker & Co, dry goods merchants, living at 14 Court.

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1862 Utica directory, George is listed at “of Webb & Walker,” residing at 16 Court.

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Obituary in Utica Morning Herald, Monday, Nov. 24, 1890, p. 6.

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They celebrated their 20th anniversary in 1883, and Tom’s Scrapbook contains clippings reprinting letters written by Tom and others who could not attend.

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