Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped




НазваVolcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped
Дата канвертавання27.11.2012
Памер51.64 Kb.
ТыпДокументы
VOLCANO PROJECT


Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped mountains that spew out lava in giant explosions. As such, each of you will be assigned a volcano from a list of the more notable events in history. Gather information on your assigned volcano. Once you have gathered enough information to answer the questions below, you will prepare a presentation for the class. This presentation may be in the form of a poster or model of your volcano. Details of the actual method of presentation are left to the discretion of the “artist”. However, you will be expected to provide the following information:




GENERAL INFO

Volcano Name

Type of Volcano

Location (Country, State, etc.)

Map Coordinates (Lat/Long)

Elevation of Summit (height)

Crater Dimensions

Volume (amt. of magma it could hold)

General Description of area


ERUPTIONS

First Eruption

Most famous eruption

Last Eruption

Duration of Eruption

Eruption Type

General Description (amt of damage, severity, # people killed, area covered)


Pictures (Must choose 2 if doing poster)

Picture of your volcano in present condition

Picture of your volcano prior to eruption

Picture of your volcano during eruption

Picture of effects of your volcano after eruption


If doing a poster:

  • Prepare a poster no smaller than 17”x22”. Display boards may also be used.

  • Poster should be neat and organized.

  • Creative use of varied materials is strongly suggested.

  • In addition to the photos, also include a diagram of the volcano with the parts listed below labeled.


If doing a model:

  • Be sure model represents your assigned volcano

  • Does not have to function, although that would be a bonus.

  • Be sure to place on a stable material for display.

  • Consider use of a 4-sided box (Bottom & 3 sides) for display of additional information

  • Creative use of varied materials is strongly suggested.

  • Parts of volcano can be labeled on a diagram and on the model itself.

  • At least one photo should appear with the model.




Volcano Parts:

1. Magma chamber
2. Country rock
3. Conduit (pipe)
4. Base
5. Sill
6. Branch pipe
7. Layers of ash emitted by the volcano
8. Flank
9. Layers of lava emitted by the volcano
10. Throat
11. Parasitic cone
12. Lava flow
13. Vent
14. Crater
15. Ash cloud



Volcano Choices:

Tambora, Indonesia

Krakatau, Indonesia

Mount Pelee, Martinique

Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia

Unzen, Japan

Laki, Iceland

Kelut, Indonesia

Galunggung, Indonesia

Vesuvius, Italy

Papandayan, Indonesia

Lamington, Papua New Guinea

El Chichon, Mexico

Soufriere, St. Vincent

Oshima, Japan

Asama, Japan

Taal, Philippines

Mayon, Philippines

Agung, Indonesia

Cotopaxi, Ecuador

Pinatubo, Philippines

Komagatake, Japan

Mount Etna, Italy

Hibok-Hibok, Philippines

Mount Saint Helens, Washington

Mount Rainier, Washington

Mount Kilauea, Hawaii

Yellowstone, Wyoming



Here are some suggestions for making a model volcano.


Option #1

  1. First we need to create the 'salt dough'. Mix 6 cups flour, 2 cups salt, 4 tablespoons cooking oil, and 2 cups of water in a large bowl. Work the ingredients with your hands until smooth and firm. Add more water to the mixture if needed.

  2. Stand a soda bottle in the baking pan. Mold the salt dough around the bottle making sure you don't cover up the bottle mouth or drop any dough into the bottle. Take your time on this step and build your volcano with as much detail as you like.

  3. Fill the bottle most of the way with warm water mixed with a little red food coloring.

  4. Put 6 drops of liquid detergent into the bottle.

  5. Add 2 tablespoons of baking soda.

  6. Slowly pour vinegar into the bottle and jump back quick!

Notice the red 'lava' that flows out of your volcano. This happens because of the baking soda and vinegar mixture. Mixing baking soda and vinegar produces a chemical reaction (a chemical reaction is a process in which one substance is chemically converted to another - all chemical reactions involve the formation or destruction of bonds between atoms) in which carbon dioxide gas is created - the same gas that bubbles in a real volcano. The gas bubbles build in the bottle, forcing the liquid 'lava' mixture of the bottle and down the sides of your volcano.

Option #2

What you will need:

    a soda bottle
    1/4 cup (60 ml) water
    1 Tablespoon (15 ml) baking soda
    1/4 cup (60 ml) vinegar
    a square of toilet tissue
    a few drops of red food coloring
    a few drops of liquid dishwashing detergent

    modeling clay in dark gray and red (or dirt)
    box to build model in
    model trees, etc. for the surroundings

How to make your volcano

1. Build a mountain around the soda pop bottle.

2. Put the water, soap, food coloring and vinegar in the pop bottle.

3. Wrap the baking soda in the toilet tissue and twist the ends to make a little packet.

4. When you are ready to make the volcano erupt, drop the packet of soda into the bottle. The acid of the vinegar and the base of the baking soda combine to foam, froth and erupt.

For a nice volcano model, use grey clay to build the cone, and add red clay in rivulets down the side to look like lava streams.


Additional suggestions:

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/strato.html

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/shield.html

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/three_d.html

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/clay.html

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/explosive.html

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_models/electric/electric_volcano.html

http://library.thinkquest.org/J001393/volcanoes/directions.htm

http://www.educ.uvic.ca/faculty/mroth/438/VOLCANO/PAPER_MACHE.html


Grading Rubric


This is a guideline for grading your project. It is provided to give you an idea of there areas that will be considered when evaluating your project. Please read this and consider all the areas before starting your project. Possibly have someone grade your project according to this chart as you go so that you can consider if you are going in the right direction.

CATEGORY

5

4

3

2

1

0

Student Info Included

(Name, Date, Period)

All items included




One item missing




Two items missing

No info provided

General Info Included

All 8 items included

One item missing or inaccurate

Two items missing or inaccurate

Three items missing or inaccurate

More than 3 items missing or inaccurate

No info provided

NOTE: Types of volcanoes will include cinder cone, composite (strato), shield, caldera, and lava domes. Other names may be possible as some volcanoes are in multiple categories. Location and coordinates should be specific. Dimensions are available for all of the listed volcanoes. General information might include a description of the surroundings. Is it in a populated area? Etc.

Eruption Information

All 6 items included

At least 4 items are included and accurate

Half the information is included or accurate

One 2 items included and accurate

Minimal or no information included or accurate

No info provided

NOTE: Some of the dates of eruptions may be the same. For example, the first eruption may be the most famous. It is possible that the volcano is currently erupting. Eruption types will be Strombolian, Vulcanian, Vesuvian, Pelean, Hawaiian, subterranean, or plinian. Include details about its most notable eruption (date, severity, # people killed, etc.)

Volcano Diagram

Clear, accurate diagram; with all 15 parts shown.

Diagram is included; 11-14 of parts clear and accurately shown.

Diagram is included;

6-10 parts clear and accurately shown.

Diagram is included; 3-5 labeled parts.

Diagram has less than 3 parts labeled.

No info provided

Overall Presentation

Clear, neat, organized. Layout well planned.

Layout is planned and organized. Writing is not neat

Info could be better organized. Writing is sloppy

Not organized. Not all info fits properly. Some attempt to make it work. Writing and lines are hastily done.

Very disorganized and poorly prepared. Lines not straight. Spacing is sloppy. Writing is hastily done. May have been done in homeroom.

No suggestions followed for organization and neatness

NOTE: Plan out the presentation. Decide where you will place all the information around the actual artistic area. Make sure the information will fit before you start. Use a ruler, compass, or other materials to make straight lines, curves, or circles. Take measurements to center information or space it appropriately.

Use of Creativity

Various materials are used for effect. Attention to detail obvious. Good use of color.

All 3/3

Some use of materials, attention to detail, and/or use of color.

Some 3/3

Moderate use of varied materials, attention to detail, and/or color.

Minimal 3/3

Minimal use of either varied materials, attention to detail, or color.

Some 1-2/3

No use of either varied materials, attention to detail, or color.

Only 1-2/3

No creativity

0/3

NOTE: Use of various materials will drastically help with the presentation. Adding dimension, texture, and realism will be effective. Suggestions might include cutting out letters to attach, framing pictures on paper before attaching, using foam letters, using toothpick flags for labels, using string, etc. You might also consider a dimensional volcano even if doing a poster. If doing a model (and maybe a poster) consider use of trees, lakes, grass, cellophane, figurines, and other materials to add realism (found in most arts & crafts stores). Attention to detail will be measured in your depiction of the volcano (or volcano diagram). Also evaluated will be the appropriate use of materials such as glue or tape (staples not recommended). Use of color for accuracy as well as eye-catching effect is suggested.




________ / 30

________ / 24

________ / 18

________ / 12

________ / 6




FINAL GRADE

Add up the total points in each section and divide by 30. Multiply this number by 100 and you will have your final percentage on the project. Any extra credit will be explained to the class as well.


Grade Sheet

Please complete this grade sheet and turn in with project. Failure to turn in this grade sheet will deduct 10 points from your project grade.



Name:




Period:




Date:




Name of Volcano:






















Type of Project:







Poster




Model







Due Date:

Must be turned in to Room 208 (or Room 300) by

1:50 PM, January 30, 2007 (Extra credit date: 1:50 PM, January 23, 2007)

Date Submitted:




Time Submitted:







CATEGORY

Total Points

COMMENTS

Student Info Included

(Name, Date, Period)







General Info Included




Eruption Information




Volcano Diagram




Overall Presentation




Use of Creativity




Subtotal:

(Add above. Divide by 30)




Turned in on or before Extra Credit Date

+ 10

TOTAL GRADE:







Do Not Write Below This Line


STUDENT RECEIPT

Date received:




Time received:




Received By:







Дадаць дакумент у свой блог ці на сайт

Падобныя:

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped icon1 What are the four main kinds of volcanoes?

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped icon1 What are the four main kinds of volcanoes?

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconVolcanoes and Plate Boundaries: What’s the Connection?

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconVolcanoes and Plate Boundaries: What’s the Connection?

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconWeb exercise: Types of volcanoes

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconThe following courses cover Africa to varying degrees, from 25% to 100%

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconUltrasonic synthesis of platinum nanoparticles supported on bamboo shaped carbon nanotubes and their electrocatalytic activity for methanol oxidation

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconMeasurements in millimetres (height X width) are plate sizes where visible

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconNote: sometimes there will be more than one photo of the same person. I purposely included them because the photos are different or different sizes, etc

Volcanoes come in all shapes and sizes with varying degrees of activity and, therefore, notoriety. As you will learn, volcanoes are not always big cone-shaped iconCo-movements of Shanghai and New York Stock prices by time-varying regressions

Размесціце кнопку на сваім сайце:
be.convdocs.org


База данных защищена авторским правом ©be.convdocs.org 2012
звярнуцца да адміністрацыі
be.convdocs.org
Галоўная старонка